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Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, 12:587 | Cite as

Influence of changes in paleosedimentary environment on sterane composition and distribution

  • Li Teng
  • Min ZhangEmail author
  • Chuanjun Yi
Original Paper
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The molecular geochemical characteristics of a total 33 source rock samples collected from the Sichuan Basin, Songliao Basin, and Turpan-Hami Basin are systematically analyzed in order to detect the effects of sedimentary environment on the composition and distribution of steranes. The results reveal that steranes in different sedimentary environments covary with redox and water salinity parameters closely. On the whole, the C27 αααR/C29 αααR ratios show a strong correlation with pristane/phytane, dibenzothiophene/dibenzofuran, and gammacerane/C30 hopane. In lacustrine and swamp environment, the C27 αββ/ααα regular steranes, C28 αββ/ααα regular steranes, C29 αββ/ααα regular steranes, and C27-C29 αββ/ααα regular steranes display excellent consistence with sedimentary environment parameters. In addition, with increasing pristane/phytane, dibenzothiophene/dibenzofuran, and gammacerane index, the ratios of C27 diasterane/regular sterane increase first and then decrease, which illustrates that abundant diasteranes in hydrocarbon source rocks are believed to deposit under suboxic-weak reduction and fresh-brackish sedimentary environment. Whereas the C27 αββ/ααα regular steranes, C28 αββ/ααα regular steranes, C29 αββ/ααα regular steranes, and C27-C29 αββ/ααα regular steranes remain relatively stable with the change of sedimentary environment parameters in marine transgression environment. Meanwhile, the relative abundance of diasteranes is very low with high maturity. It suggests marine transgression makes a big difference on the composition and distribution of sterane, which tremendously affects the types of organic matter and depositional environment.

Keywords

Gammacerane index Lacustrine environment Marine transgression Redox condition Steranes Swamp environment 

Notes

Funding information

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41772124).

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentYangtze UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Exploration Technology for Oil and Gas ResearchMinistry of EducationWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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