Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, 12:545 | Cite as

Sedimentological impact on reservoir quality of Es1 sandstone of Shahejie formation, Nanpu Sag, East China

  • Muhammad KashifEmail author
  • Yingchang CaoEmail author
  • Guanghui Yuan
  • Muhammad Asif
  • Wang Jian
  • Wang Zhukhun
  • Saif Ur Rehman
  • Atif Zafar
  • Muhammad Kamran
  • Orkhan Isgandarov
  • Asim Falak Naz
Review Paper


Comprehensive sedimentological studies regarding different facies types and the factors persuading their development were carried out at Eocene (Es1) member of Shahejie formation of Nanpu Sag. To evaluate the sedimentary facies, lithofacies, and reservoir quality, wireline log analysis, a petrographic thin-section study, SEM, grain size analysis, XRD, and CL analysis were used. The Es1 consists of five sedimentary facies and seven lithofacies. Sandstone is classified on the basis of standard rock classification scheme as feldspathic litharenite and lithic arkose. Quartz grains are abundant detrital constituent and feldspars are subordinate followed by mica, chert, rock fragments, and iron oxide as a minor constituent. Primary intergranular pores, as well as secondary dissolution pores and fracture pores, are also present that enhance the reservoir quality. Grain size varies from conglomerate to clay size, with massive bedding, cross-bedding, and fine-grained ripple laminated sandstone, which predicts that formation is deposited in lacustrine and fluvial channel or channel bar environment. XRD and SEM analysis show various clay minerals that reduced the reservoir characteristics. The present study discloses the deposition and distribution of lacustrine, braided, meandering river delta, and delta front sand bodies of Es1 member as well as provides some support for reservoir quality of the correlative sedimentary system that has great significance for further exploration.


Sedimentology  Sedimentary structures  Lithofacies  Sedimentary facies  Reservoir quality  Diagenesis 



I would like to thank the China University of Petroleum, and China scholarship council (CSC) for granting me a full scholarship (2015–2018) to carry out the research. The authors would also like to thank the Jidong Oil Field Company for their cooperation to provide the research data and help to complete the research without loss of time. The authors would like to thanks the anonymous reviewers as well as Editor-in-Chief for their constructive comments that helps in improving the current manuscript.

Funding information

This study was funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China Project (No. 41602138), National Science and Technology Special Grant (No. 2016ZX05006-007), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation–funded project (2015M580617; 2017T100524), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (15CX08001A).


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Kashif
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yingchang Cao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guanghui Yuan
    • 1
  • Muhammad Asif
    • 4
  • Wang Jian
    • 1
  • Wang Zhukhun
    • 1
  • Saif Ur Rehman
    • 2
  • Atif Zafar
    • 3
  • Muhammad Kamran
    • 5
  • Orkhan Isgandarov
    • 1
  • Asim Falak Naz
    • 1
  1. 1.School of GeosciencesChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  3. 3.School of Petroleum EngineeringChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Institute of GeologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  5. 5.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina university of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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