Ionic conductivity of MgAl2O4-doped 8YSZ ceramics

  • Bülent AktaşEmail author
  • Süleyman Tekeli
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geo-Resources-Earth-Environmental Sciences


The effect of spinel (MgAl2O4) addition on the ionic conductivity of 8 mol.% yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia (8YSZ) was investigated using the impedance spectroscopy. Undoped and 1, 5, 10, and 15 wt.% MgAl2O4-doped 8YSZ powders were prepared via colloidal process to ensure uniform mixing of the powders and to obtain a homogeneous microstructure. The ionic conductivity of the specimens was measured using a frequency response analyzer in the range of 100 mHz–13 MHz and 300–800 °C. Complex impedance analysis results of MgAl2O4-doped 8YSZ specimens showed that the grain interior resistance increased with MgAl2O4 addition; on the contrary, it also decreased the grain boundary resistance. Furthermore, while the grain interior conductivity of 8YSZ was decreased with MgAl2O4 addition, the grain boundary conductivity of 8YSZ enhanced with the presence of electronically conductive spinel oxide precipitated at the grain boundaries of 8YSZ. Moreover, the addition of MgAl2O4 to 8YSZ resulted in a decrease in grain boundary activation energies.


8 mol.% yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia (8YSZ) MgAl2O4 Ionic conductivity Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) 



The authors thank Gazi University and Marmara University, Turkey, for allowing the use of their laboratory facilities.

Funding information

The authors would like to thank the scientific research projects of Harran University (HUBAP), Sanliurfa, Turkey, for the financial support in this study (Project No: K18188).


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentHarran UniversitySanliurfaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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