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Geochemical characteristics of dust aerosol availability in northwestern China

  • Xunming WangEmail author
  • Jimin Sun
  • Mingrui Qiang
  • Caixia Zhang
  • Danfeng Li
  • Ting Hua
  • Hui Li
  • Lili Lang
  • Linlin Jiao
  • Diwen Cai
  • Wenyong Ma
Original Paper

Abstract

Based on field sample collections, wind tunnel experiments, and statistical analyses, the spatial differences of geochemical characteristics of dust aerosol availability originating from different landscapes in the Tarim Basin, Qaidam Basin, and Ala Shan Plateau of northwestern China were evaluated. Experiments and statistical analysis results showed that there are many differences in the geochemical characteristics of dust aerosol availability originating from above regions. Riverbeds, wadis and gobi deserts, and interdunes are the major landscapes for element emissions of dust aerosols in the Qaidam Basin, Ala Shan Plateau, and Tarim Basin, respectively. Among them, more than 60% of the elements such as Ti, Cr, Rb, Y, Nb, Ce, Nd, Pb, and Al2O3 in dust aerosol availability that originated from the Ala Shan Plateau and the Tarim Basin may play an important role in the element emissions in coarse fractions. Variations in the geochemical characteristics of dust aerosol availability caused by landscape and regional differences may play an important role in loess compositions and in past climate reconstructions that used post-depositional eolian sediments as a proxy.

Keywords

Dust aerosol Availability Landscape Geochemistry 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0601900), Key Frontier Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (QYZDJ-SSW-DQC043), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771012).

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xunming Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jimin Sun
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mingrui Qiang
    • 4
  • Caixia Zhang
    • 5
  • Danfeng Li
    • 1
  • Ting Hua
    • 5
  • Hui Li
    • 5
  • Lili Lang
    • 1
  • Linlin Jiao
    • 1
  • Diwen Cai
    • 1
  • Wenyong Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina

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