Analysis of hydraulic fracturing techniques: hybrid fuzzy approaches

  • Afshin DavarpanahEmail author
  • Reza Shirmohammadi
  • Behnam Mirshekari
  • Alireza Aslani
Original Paper


Hydraulic fracturing technologies revolutionize the way petroleum industries drill the conventional and unconventional formations by the purpose for oil recovery enhancement. Multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods are always considered as the preferable techniques in organizational and industrial operational performances that some of them are being widely administered for numerous purposes. The objective of this comprehensive study is to conduct an investigation about the considerable influence of five important criteria on the hydraulic fracturing techniques and select the best technology regarding enhancing oil recovery factor. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) and Fuzzy Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (FTOPSIS) analyses are applied to compare each criterion. Consequently, among the five fundamental criteria for selecting and operating hydraulic fracturing, in situ stress-strain with the score weight of 0.421 is the most important selectivity criteria. Furthermore, after analyzing the results derived from FAHP and FTOPSIS methods, hydra-jet fracturing and zipper fracturing techniques with the normalized weights of 0.186 and 0.194, and relative closeness coefficients of 0.69 with a 0.66 are considered respectively as the best and optimum techniques of hydraulic fracturing. Last but not least, the cavitation hydro-vibration fracturing and explosive fracturing are the least preferable methods among hydraulic fracturing techniques.


Hydraulic fracturing FAHP FTOPSIS Enhanced oil recovery MCDM 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12517_2019_4567_MOESM1_ESM.docx (167 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 137 kb)


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afshin Davarpanah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Reza Shirmohammadi
    • 2
  • Behnam Mirshekari
    • 1
  • Alireza Aslani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Petroleum Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Renewable Energies and Environment, Faculty of New Sciences & TechnologiesUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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