Advertisement

Response of groundwater contamination hazard rating systems to variations in subsoil conditions beneath municipal solid waste (MSW) dumps in developing countries

  • Amit KumarEmail author
  • Manoj Datta
  • B. R. Gurjar
  • Arvind K. Nema
  • R. K. Singh
Original Paper
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

Groundwater hazard rating systems are generally based on source-pathway-receptor approach. This study determines the response of rating system to the variations in subsurface conditions (generally designated as pathway component). Besides, the study also investigates the ability of the rating systems to respond to the changes in other components too (i.e., source and receptor components). For the purpose, three groups of sites with various combinations of site conditions, that may be encountered in the field, are employed, e.g., a smaller site located in sandy soil with receptors all around it using groundwater or a larger site having a thick clay layer underneath it and the receptors in vicinity using groundwater for drinking. For the analysis, four sets of corresponding rating scores are determined in this study from the selected eleven rating systems (ten earlier rating systems and mGW-HARS, a recently developed system). The investigation shows that mGW-HARAS performs the best for the three sets; for the remaining one set, the performance of mGW-HARAS is marginally lower than its predecessor, GW-HARAS. The sensitivity analysis of the selected rating systems with respect to four critical pathway parameters depicts that mGW-HARAS is sensitive to all the four parameters and has the highest sensitivity to soil permeability, i.e., 83% amongst all the selected rating systems. When these rating systems are applied to ten waste dumps from Indian cities, only one system, i.e., mGW-HARAS, is able to categorize these waste dumps in four hazard categories and responds suitably to the subsurface conditions encountered at these waste dumps.

Keywords

Rating systems Waste dumps Municipal waste Groundwater contamination Subsurface conditions 

Notes

Funding information

This study was financially supported by the Science and Engineering Research Board (no. PDF/2016/000716).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Aller L, Bennett T, Lehr J H, Petty RJ (1985) DRASTIC-a standardized system for evaluating ground water pollution potential using hydrogeologic settings. EPA/600/2-85/018Google Scholar
  2. CCME (2008) CCME national classification system for contaminated sites. Winnipeg, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen W, Mo J, Du X, Zhang Z, Zhang W (2019) Biomimetic dynamic membrane for aquatic dye removal. Water Res 151:243–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Christensen TH, Manfredi S, Kjeldsen P (2011) Landfilling: environmental issues. In: Christensen TH (ed) Solid waste technology & management. WileyGoogle Scholar
  5. CPCB (2006) Assessment of status of municipal solid waste management in metro cities and state capitals. Series: WPS/65/2006–07Google Scholar
  6. Datta M, Kumar A (2016) Waste dumps and contaminated sites in India—status and framework for remediation and control. In: Geo-Chicago 2016. ASCE, Chicago, USA, pp 664–673Google Scholar
  7. Datta M, Kumar A (2017) Assessment of subsurface contamination potential of municipal solid waste (MSW) dumps. Indian Geotech J 47:410–420.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40098-017-0247-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Department of Natural Resources (2001) Wisconsin administrative code, chapter NR 710, site discovery, screening and ranking, register September 2007 no. 621Google Scholar
  9. Ghazavi R, Ebrahimi Z (2015) Assessing groundwater vulnerability to contamination in an arid environment using DRASTIC and GOD models. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(9):2909–2918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Joseph K, Esakku S, Nagendran R, Visvanathan C (2005) A decision making tool for dumpsite rehabilitation in developing countries. In: Proceedings of tenth international waste management and landfill symposium Sardinia. Cagliari, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumar S, Bhattacharyya JK, Vaidya AN, Chakrabarti T, Devotta S, Akolkar AB (2009) Assessment of the status of municipal solid waste management in metro cities, state capitals, class I cities, and class II towns in India: an insight. Waste Manag 29(2):883–895.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2008.04.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kumar A, Datta M, Nema AK, Singh RK (2016) An improved rating system for assessing surface water contamination potential from MSW landfills. Environ Model Assess 21(4):489–505.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10666-015-9493-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Macfarlane DS, Cherry JA, Gillham RW, Sudicky EA (1983) Migration of contaminants in groundwater at a landfill: a case study. J Hydrol 63:1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ministry for the Environment (NZ) (2002) Risk assessment for small closed landfill. Prepared for Ministry of the Environment (New Zealand). Retrieved from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/waste/small-landfill-closure-dec02.html. Accessed 09 Dec 2018
  15. Ministry for the Environment (NZ) (2004) Risk screening system, contaminated land management guidelines no. 3. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington Retrieved from www.mfe.govt.nz. Accessed 08 Aug 2014Google Scholar
  16. Mo J, Yang Q, Zhang N, Zhang W, Zheng Y, Zhang Z (1983) A review on agro-industrial waste (AIW) derived adsorbents for water and wastewater treatment. J Environ Manag 227:395–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. National Productivity Council (2003) Hazard potential rating of existing municipal solid waste dump sites. New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  18. Nixon WB, Murphy RJ (1998) Waste site hazard assessment: a taxonomy of current methods and criteria. Environ Eng Policy 1(1):59–74.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s100220050006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Science Applications International Corporation (1990) Washington ranking method scoring manual. Olympia, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  20. Sharma HD, Lewis SP (1994) Waste containment systems, waste stabilization, and landfill design and evaluation. John Wiley & Sons, IncGoogle Scholar
  21. Sharma HD, Reddy KR (2004) Geoenvironmental engineering: site remediation, waste containment, and emerging waste management technologies. John Wiley & Sons, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh RK, Datta M, Nema AK (2009) A new system for groundwater contamination hazard rating of landfills. J Environ Manag 91(2):344–357.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Singh RK, Datta M, Nema AK (2010) A time-dependent system for evaluating groundwater contamination hazard rating of municipal solid waste dumps. Environ Model Assess 15:549–567.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10666-010-9224-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh RK, Datta M, Nema AK, Pérez IV (2013) Evaluating groundwater contamination hazard rating of municipal solid waste landfills in India and Europe using a new system. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 17(1):62–73.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.2153-5515.0000145 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tanse B, Reinhart D, Sizirici B, Rayapharapu VK (2007) Performance measures for comparison of determining post closure care (PCC) period in landfills. In: World environmental and water resources congress 2007.  https://doi.org/10.1061/40927(243)322
  26. Ubavin D, Agarski B, Maodus N, Stanisavljevic N, Budak I (2017) A model for prioritising landfills for remediation and closure: a case study in Serbia. Integr Environ Assess Manag 14:105–119.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1967 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. USEPA (1990) Hazard ranking system, final rule December 14, 1990. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/hrsres/index.htm#HRS Rule. Accessed 15 Jan 2013
  28. Zhang W, Jiang F (2018) Membrane fouling in aerobic granular sludge (AGS)-membrane bioreactor (MBR): effect of AGS size. Water Res 157:445–453.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2018.07.069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringMalaviya National Institute of Technology JaipurJaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd.New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations