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Spatial and temporal variabilities of maximum snow depth in the Northern and Central Kazakhstan

  • Marat Moldakhmetov
  • Lyazzat Makhmudova
  • Zhanara Zhanabayeva
  • Alina KumeikoEmail author
  • Mohammad Daud Hamidi
  • Jay Sagin
Original Paper

Abstract

This article examined the dynamics of maximum snow cover in the Northern and Central Kazakhstan for the period from 1935 to 2012. Certain number of data from weather stations was collected for both regions (Northern and Central Kazakhstan) of the country in order to observe the spatial and temporal changes in glaciers. Mann-Kendall test along with sequential version of MK test and simple linear regression was used in the analysis. The analysis revealed regularities of the changes in maximum snow depth over spatial and temporal scales. Cumulative sum uncovered a change in trend, which indicated the data of global warming possibly affected the glacier. Periodicities in glacier changes were weakly related to the weather patterns like North Atlantic Oscillation and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillations. Obtained results, regularities, and inferences can be used in further studies of snow cover and water flow of the rivers, as well as for practical purposes. Recent changes in climate and hydrological flow of the observed catchment became evident for contemporary glaciations evolving hydrological implications of the cryosphere alterations in the study area. Findings of the study are useful in examining the differences in water availability on spatial and temporal scales due to limited availability of the glaciers in the region.

Keywords

Snow cover Snow cover duration (SCD) Height of the snow cover Climate change 

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marat Moldakhmetov
    • 1
  • Lyazzat Makhmudova
    • 2
  • Zhanara Zhanabayeva
    • 3
  • Alina Kumeiko
    • 4
    Email author
  • Mohammad Daud Hamidi
    • 4
  • Jay Sagin
    • 5
  1. 1.Taraz Innovation and Humanities UniversityTarazKazakhstan
  2. 2.Department of Internal QualityTaraz Innovation and Humanities UniversityTarazKazakhstan
  3. 3.Faculty of Geography and Environmental SciencesAl-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  4. 4.UNESCO Chair on Water Resources Management in Central AsiaGerman-Kazakh UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  5. 5.Civil Engineering Department at School of EngineeringNazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan

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