Advertisement

KFUPM Ghawar digital viscoelastic seismic model

  • Abdullatif A. Al-ShuhailEmail author
  • Abdullah A. Alshuhail
  • Yehia A. Khulief
  • Syed Abdul Salam
  • Septriandi A. Chan
  • Abdul Latif Ashadi
  • Ayman F. Al-Lehyani
  • Adnan M. Almubarak
  • Mohammed Zia Ullah Khan
  • Sikandar Khan
  • Salem G. AlJuhani
  • Khalid A. Abdulrahman
Original Paper
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Ghawar is the largest and most prolific oil field in the world. Yet, no digital geological models or synthetic seismic data of this important field are publicly available for testing algorithms to image, analyze, and understand its complex and interesting attributes. We construct a 2D viscoelastic model of the Ghawar field and calculate a corresponding multi-component synthetic seismic data set. The P-wave velocities and densities of the entire stratigraphic column from pre-Cambrian basement to present-day sediments were compiled from public sources. The S-wave velocities were calculated from the P-wave velocities using empirical VSVP relations established from well logs. An empirical formula was also used to estimate the P-wave and S-wave quality factors from the P-wave and S-wave velocities, respectively. Vertical and horizontal components of viscoelastic seismic shot records were generated using a finite-difference algorithm accurate to the 4th order in space and 2nd order in time. We share the models and seismic data sets publicly hoping that this will motivate interested researchers to test their research ideas, which in turn will help advance the leading edge in hydrocarbon exploration seismology. Finally, we encourage researchers, who will use the models and data sets, to contribute to the geoscience community by sharing their results publicly as well.

Keywords

Viscoelastic model Ghawar field Saudi Arabia Synthetic seismic data 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank KACST and KFUPM for their support.

Funding information

This work was funded by MAARIFAH—King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)—through the Science & Technology Unit at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM)—the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, award number TIC-CCS-1.

References

  1. Abdelwahed MF, El-Masry N, Moufti MR et al (2016) Imaging of magma intrusions beneath Harrat Al-Madinah in Saudi Arabia. J Asian Earth Sci 120:17–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Afifi AM (2005) Ghawar: The anatomy of the world's largest oil field. AAPG Search and Discovery, 20026Google Scholar
  3. Al-Ahmadi ME (2009) Hydrogeology of the Saq aquifer northwest of Tabuk northern Saudi Arabia. Earth Sci 20:51–66Google Scholar
  4. Albidah A, Altheeb A, Lam N (2011) Stochastic attenuation modelling: Saudi Arabian case study. Australian Earthquake Engineering Society Conference, 18–20 Nov 2011. Novotel Barossa Valley, South AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  5. Alfaraj M, Nebrija EL, Ferguson MD (1998) The challenge of interpreting 3-D seismic in Shaybah field Saudi Arabia. GeoArabia 3:209–226Google Scholar
  6. Al-Husseini MI (1997) Jurassic sequence stratigraphy of western and southern Arabian Gulf. GeoArabia 2:361–382Google Scholar
  7. Al-Husseini MI (2000) Origin of the Arabian Plate structures: Amar collision and Najd rift. GeoArabia 5:527–542Google Scholar
  8. Almadani S, Al-Amri A, Fnais M et al (2015) Seismic hazard assessment for Yanbu metropolitan area, western Saudi Arabia. Arab J Geosci 8:9945–9958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Alqattan MA, David AB (2017) Dolomite and dolomitization of the Permian Khuff-C reservoir in Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia. AAPG Bull 101:1715–1745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Al-Shuhail AA, Mousa WA, Alkhalifah T (2017) KFUPM-KAUST Red Sea model: digital viscoelastic depth model and synthetic seismic data set. Lead Edge 36:507–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ameen MS, Smart BG, Somerville JM et al (2009) Predicting rock mechanical properties of carbonates from wireline logs (a case study: Arab-D reservoir, Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia). Mar Pet Geol 26:430–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ayres MG, Bilal M, Jones RW et al (1982) Hydrocarbon habitat in main producing areas Saudi Arabia. AAPG Bull 66:1–9Google Scholar
  13. Bridle R, Ley R, Al-Mustafa A (2007) Near-surface models in Saudi Arabia. Geophys Prospect 55:779–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Castagna JP, Batzle ML, Eastwoo RL (1985) Relationships between compressional-wave and shear-wave velocities in clastic silicate rocks. Geophysics 50:571–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dasgupta SN, Hong M-R, Croix PL, et al (2000) Prediction of reservoir properties by integration of seismic stochastic inversion and coherency attributes in super Giant Ghawar field. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, pp 1501–1505Google Scholar
  16. Dasgupta SN, Hong M-R, Al-Jallal IA (2002) Accurate characterization to reduce drilling risk in Khuff-C carbonate, Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia. GeoArabia 7:81–100Google Scholar
  17. Faqira M, Rademakers M, Afifi AM (2009) New insights into the Hercynian orogeny, and their implications for the Paleozoic hydrocarbon system in the Arabian Plate. GeoArabia 14:199–228Google Scholar
  18. Konert G, Afifi AM, Al-Hajri SA (2001) Paleozoic stratigraphy and hydrocarbon habitat of the Arabian Plate. GeoArabia 6:407–442Google Scholar
  19. Lindsay RF, Cantrell DL, Hughes GW, et al (2006) Ghawar Arab-D reservoir: widespread porosity in shoaling-upward carbonate cycles, Saudi Arabia. In: Harris PM, Weber LJ (eds) Giant hydrocarbon reservoirs of the world: from rocks to reservoir characterization and modeling. AAPG Memoir 88/ SEPM Special Publication: 97–137Google Scholar
  20. Liu L, Kharji M, Chatterjee HS (2013) Seismic attributes as exploration tools: a case study from the Jurassic in Saudi Arabia. IPTC paper no. IPTC-16631Google Scholar
  21. Macrides CG, Kelamis PG (2000) 9C-2D land seismic experiment for lithology estimation of a Permian clastic reservoir. GeoArabia 5:427–440Google Scholar
  22. McNeely J, Keho T, Tonellot T et al (2012) 3D acoustic waveform inversion of land data: a case study from Saudi Arabia. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts pp 1–5Google Scholar
  23. Meyer FO, Price RC, Al-Raimi SM (2000) Stratigraphic and petrophysical characteristics of cored Arab-D super-k intervals, Hawiyah area, Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia. GeoArabia 5:355–384Google Scholar
  24. Mittet R (2007) A simple design procedure for depth extrapolation operators that compensate for absorption and dispersion. Geophysics 72:S105–S112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mooney WD, Gettings ME, Blank HR, Healy JH (1985) Saudi Arabian seismic-refraction profile: a traveltime interpretation of crustal and upper mantle structure. Tectonophysics 111:173–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Powers RW, Ramirez LF, Redmon CD, et al (1966) Geology of the Arabian Peninsula: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 560–D:1–127Google Scholar
  27. Robertsson JO, Blanch JO, Symes WW (1994) Viscoelastic finite-difference modeling. Geophysics 59:1444–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Saner S, Sahin A (1999) Lithological and zonal porosity-permeability distribution in the Arab-D reservoir, Uthmaniyah field, Saudi Arabia. AAPG Bull 83:230–243Google Scholar
  29. Thorbecke J (2016) Finite-difference wavefield modeling. https://janth.home.xs4all.nl/Software/Software.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  30. Wallick BP, Giroldi L (2013) Interpretation of full-azimuth broadband land data from Saudi Arabia and implications for improved inversion, reservoir characterization, and exploration. Interpretation 1:T167–T176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wender LE, Bryant JW, Dickens MF (1998) Paleozoic (pre-Khuff) hydrocarbon geology of the Ghawar area, eastern Saudi Arabia. GeoArabia 3:273–302Google Scholar
  32. Ziegler MA (2001) Late Permian to Holocene paleofacies evolution of the Arabian plate and its hydrocarbon occurrences. GeoArabia 6:445–504Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdullatif A. Al-Shuhail
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdullah A. Alshuhail
    • 1
  • Yehia A. Khulief
    • 2
  • Syed Abdul Salam
    • 3
  • Septriandi A. Chan
    • 1
  • Abdul Latif Ashadi
    • 1
  • Ayman F. Al-Lehyani
    • 1
  • Adnan M. Almubarak
    • 1
  • Mohammed Zia Ullah Khan
    • 3
  • Sikandar Khan
    • 2
  • Salem G. AlJuhani
    • 1
  • Khalid A. Abdulrahman
    • 1
  1. 1.Geosciences DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM)DhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM)DhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Electrical Engineering DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM)DhahranSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations