Morphometric analysis of watershed using remote sensing and GIS—a case study of Nanganji River Basin in Tamil Nadu, India

  • Pandian ManganEmail author
  • Mohd Anul Haq
  • Prashant Baral
Original Paper


Morphometric analysis of a river basin is essential to identify and assess seasonal changes in drainage basin characteristics, understand the groundwater potential, and address issues related to management of soil erosion due to flash floods during the high flows. Nanganji River Basin is one of the least studied seasonal river basins in India which carry substantial flows during the monsoon period. In this study, morphometry of Nanganji River Basin, located in the central Tamil Nadu prairies, has been studied using remote sensing and GIS. The interrelationship between the various morphometric factors of the basin has been studied using a correlation matrix. Factor analysis has been applied to group the individual morphometric parameters into a smaller number of factors. Further, these factors have been studied in relation to the sub-basins to understand the existing relation between the factors and the sub-basins. Finally, the study identifies environmental issues of the Nanganji River Basin mostly related to the river flow regime which widens significantly during the monsoon months.


Basin morphometry Factor analysis Nanganji River Basin 



We are very grateful to IBM Corporation for providing online version of IBM SPSS Statistics for the necessary computations.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pandian Mangan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohd Anul Haq
    • 1
  • Prashant Baral
    • 1
  1. 1.Geographic Information SystemsNIIT UniversityNeemranaIndia

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