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Organic geochemical evaluation and hydrocarbon prospects of the Coniacian Awgu Formation, southern Benue Trough, Nigeria

  • Friday Daniel Onwe-MosesEmail author
  • Sunday Oliver Eze
  • Anthony Uwaoma Okoro
  • Okechukwu Pius Aghamelu
Original Paper
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Samples of shale from the Coniacian Awgu Formation (southern Benue Trough, Nigeria) were subjected to petro-geochemical analyses in order to determine the hydrocarbon potentials of the formation. The results of the analyses, which included total organic carbon (TOC) content determination and Rock-Eval pyrolysis, show that TOC ranges from 0.53 to 2.91 wt% (with average value of 1.76 wt%), while the generative potential and the hydrogen index range from 0.56 to 3.42 mg HC/g (av. 1.93 mg HC/g) and 67 to 109 mg HC/g TOC (av. 94 mg HC/g TOC), respectively. The results also show vitrinite reflectance value that vary between 0.52 and 0.63% Ro (av. 0.60% Ro) and pyrolysis temperature 428 to 433 °C (av. 431 °C), and organic matter predominantly the type III. On the basis of the TOC, the average TOC (1.76 wt%) exceeds the minimum value of 0.50 wt% required for good hydrocarbon source rocks, and the other assessed parameters which indicate terrestrial-sourced organic matter, this study reveals that the Awgu Formation is a potential source rock, but with more capabilities to generate gas than oil. The overall thermal maturity stage of the kerogens in the formation is within the immature to early (threshold) mature.

Keywords

Awgu Formation Hydrocarbon potential Organic geochemical analyses Source rock evaluation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

One of the authors gratefully acknowledges an anonymous colleague who made invaluable contributions in the review of the geology of the study area.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friday Daniel Onwe-Moses
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sunday Oliver Eze
    • 1
  • Anthony Uwaoma Okoro
    • 1
  • Okechukwu Pius Aghamelu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesNnamdi Azikiwe UniversityAwkaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Geology and GeophysicsAlex Ekwueme Federal UniversityNdufu-AlikeNigeria

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