Effect of poultry litter biochar on chromium (Cr) bioavailability and accumulation in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) grown in Cr-polluted soil

  • Adiba Khan Sehrish
  • Rukhsanda Aziz
  • Muhammad Mazhar Hussain
  • Muhammad Tariq Rafiq
  • Muhammad Rizwan
  • Niaz Muhammad
  • Muhammad Khalid Rafiq
  • Anum Sehar
  • Jalal ud Din
  • Mohammad I. Al-Wabel
  • Shafaqat AliEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Implications of Biochar Application to Soil Environment under Arid Conditions


Chromium (Cr) pollution in soil has the greatest threat to human beings as it has a potential to enter into the food chain through contaminated soil. Chromium has no defined role in plant biology and has detrimental effects on plants. Biochar used as soil amendment has been demonstrated to diminish the bioavailability of trace elements. The current study investigated the effect of poultry litter biochar (PLB) on Cr bioavailability and its accumulation in spinach grown on Cr-contaminated soil. Data showed significant decline in bioavailable Cr concentration (DTPA-extraction) with an increasing biochar concentration, especially at 5% application rate in soil. With the 3% and 5% application of PLB, Cr concentration in shoots significantly (P < 0.05) decreased by 32% and 49%, respectively, over the control. The results showed that PLB significantly enhanced the plant growth and biomass over the control. Under Cr stress, the PLB addition increased the catalase and superoxide dismutase activities while decreased malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide concentrations as compared to control. Overall, it was concluded that PLB application might be effective in reducing the toxic effects of Cr in spinach and enhancing plant growth.


Poultry litter biochar Chromium Spinach Bioavailability Oxidative stress 



Authors are thankful to the National Agriculture research Centre (NARC) for providing experimental facilities.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adiba Khan Sehrish
    • 1
  • Rukhsanda Aziz
    • 1
  • Muhammad Mazhar Hussain
    • 2
  • Muhammad Tariq Rafiq
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rizwan
    • 3
  • Niaz Muhammad
    • 4
  • Muhammad Khalid Rafiq
    • 5
    • 6
  • Anum Sehar
    • 1
  • Jalal ud Din
    • 7
  • Mohammad I. Al-Wabel
    • 8
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Vegetable Crop Research Programme, HRI, National Agricultural Research CenterIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of MicrobiologyKohat University of Science and TechnologyKohatPakistan
  5. 5.National Agricultural Research CenterRangeland Research InstituteIslamabadPakistan
  6. 6.UK Biochar Research Center, School of GeosciencesThe University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  7. 7.Wheat Wide Crosses Programme, CSI, National Agricultural Research CenterIslamabadPakistan
  8. 8.Soil Sciences Department, College of Food and Agricultural SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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