Advertisement

Source and remediation for heavy metals of soils at an iron mine of Ulsan City, Korea

  • Sang Yong Chung
  • Venkatramanan SenapathiEmail author
  • Kye Hyun Park
  • Joo Hyeong Son
  • Selvam Sekar
Short Communication
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Ulsan mine produced the iron ore minerals of magnetite, arsenopyrite, and scheelite in 1992, and serpentine was developed from 1977 to 2002. The soils of the mine were contaminated by heavy metals such as As, Zn, Ni, and Cd. Heavy metals of Ni and Zn came mostly from serpentinite, and As was derived mainly from arsenopyrite in the scan-type iron ore body. As, Zn, and Ni were major contaminants, but Cd was a minor contaminant on a basis of Korean standard. The heavy metals in the deep depth (> 5 m) came from the host rocks, and those in the shallow depth (< 5 m) were derived from the organic–mineral complexation soil. The remediation plan was a soil washing for highly contaminated soils and the containment of clay materials for less contaminated soils. Even though the remediation methods were successful, the continuous monitoring and the analysis of monitoring data are still necessary for the conservation of soil and groundwater around the study area.

Keywords

Soil Heavy metals Iron mine Contamination Remediation 

Notes

Funding information

This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2016R1D1A3B03934558).

References

  1. Gagnon C, Turcotte P, Vigneault B (2009) Comparative study of the fate and mobility of heavy metals discharged in mining and urban effluents using sequential extractions on suspended solids. Environ Geochem Health 31:657–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Godbold DL, Hüttermann A (1985) Effect of zinc, cadmium and mercury on root elongation of Picea abies (Karst.) seedlings, and the significance of these heavy metals to forest die-back. Environ Pollut Ser A Ecol Biol 38:375–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hu B, Jia X, Hu J, Xu D, Xia F, Li Y (2017) Assessment of heavy metal pollution and health risks in the soil-plant-human system in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14(9):1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jia Z, Li S, Wang L (2018) Assessment of soil heavy metals for eco-environment and human health in a rapidly urbanization area of the upper Yangtze Basin. Nat Sci Rep 8(1):3256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1992) Trace elements in soil and plants. 2nd Ed. Boca Raton. CRC Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Kim SW, Chae Y, Moon J, Kim D, Cui R, An G, Jeong SW, An YJ (2017) In situ evaluation of crop productivity and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in paddy soils after remediation of metal-contaminated soils. J Agric Food Chem 65(6):1239–1246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Maia F, Pinto C, Waerenborgh J, Gonçalves M, Prazeres C, Carreira O, Sério S (2012) Heavy metal partitioning in sediments andmineralogical controls on the acid mine drainage in Ribeira DA Água Forte (Aljustrel, Iberian Pyrite Belt, Southern Portugal). Appl Geochem 27:063–1080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Martinez-Martinez S, Acosta JA, Faz Cano A, Carmona DM, Zornoza R, Cerda C (2013) Assessment of the lead and zinc contents in natural soils and tailing ponds from the Cartagena-La Unión mining district, SE Spain. J Geochem Explor 124:166–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Morton-Bermea O, Hernandez-Alvarez E, Gonzalez-Hernandez G, Romero F, Lozano R, Beramendi-Orosco LE (2009) Assessment of heavy metal pollution in urban topsoils from the metropolitan area of Mexico city. J Geochem Explor 101:218–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Thompson M, Howarth RJ (1976) Duplicate Analysis in Geochemical Practice, Analyst, 101:690–698Google Scholar
  11. Valente T, Leal Gomes C (2009) Occurrence, properties and pollution potential of environmental minerals in acid mine drainage. Sci Total Environ 407:1135–1152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Valente T, Grande JA, De la Torre ML, Gomes P, Santisteban M, Borrego J, Sequeria Braga MA (2015) Mineralogy and geochemistry of a clogged mining reservoir affected by historical acid mine drainage in an abandoned mining area. J Geochem Explor 157:66–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Venkatramanan S, Chung SY, Rajesh R, Lee SY, Ramkumar T, Prasanna MV (2015) Comprehensive studies of hydrogeochemical processes and quality status of groundwater with tools of cluster, grouping analysis, and fuzzy set method using GIS platform: a case study of Dalcheon in Ulsan City, Korea. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:11209–11223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wahsha M, Bini C, Fontana S, Wahsha A, Zilioli D (2012) Toxicity assessment of contaminated soils from a mining area in Northeast Italy by using the lipid peroxidation assay. J Geochem Explor 113:112–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wuana R, Okieimen F (2011) Heavy metals in contamination soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. ISRN Ecology 2011:1–20.  https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/402647 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zwoliński J (1995) Effects of emissions from non-ferrous heavy metal works on forest environment—the role of heavy metals in forest degradation. J of Forest Res Inst Series A 809:1–86Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesPukyong National UniversityBusanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department for Management of Science and Technology DevelopmentTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  4. 4.Department of Groundwater and GeologyKorea Rural Community CorporationUichang-gu Changwon-siSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of GeologyV. O Chidambaram CollegeTuticorinIndia

Personalised recommendations