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Characterization and assessment of groundwater resources using hydrogeochemical analysis, GIS, and field data in southern Wadi Qena, Egypt

  • Karem Moubark
  • Mohamed Abdelkareem
Original Paper
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Abstract

An integrated approach using hydrogeochemical analysis, remote sensing, GIS, and field data was employed to characterize the groundwater resources in southern Wadi Qena, Egypt. Various thematic maps showing topography, lineaments, wadi deposits, slope, and stream networks were combined through GIS analysis to discriminate groundwater potential zones on the valley floor. The resulting map classifies the area into five groups of groundwater potentiality from very high to very low zones, supported by the groundwater level, well locations, and by the results of previous geophysical studies. Thirty-seven groundwater well data were tested from the Quaternary and Nubian Sandstone aquifers and analyzed for physio-chemical parameters. Results of hydrochemical analysis show that water quality varies widely through the aquifers, and groundwater in the Quaternary aquifer shows the highest salinity values and a predominance of Na and Cl in water chemical facies. Overlay GIS maps of alkalinity (SAR and RSC) and salinity hazards (EC and Cl) of the Quaternary aquifer were prepared. The resulting maps show that samples do not present an alkalinity hazard in most areas but are potentially salinity hazard. Therefore, the water is fit for agricultural use with certain restrictions, but is not suitable for direct human consumption because it is either very hard or too saline.

Keywords

Water resources GIS Groundwater potentiality Hydrochemical parameters Wadi Qena Egypt 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the World Academy of Science (TWAS), Grant No. 17-044 for the support. We also thank Professor Fathy Abdalla, Geology Department South Valley University and anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments, which helped us to improve the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceSouth Valley UniversityQenaEgypt

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