Advertisement

Mus cf. Mus flynni (Rodentia, Mammalia) from mudstone horizon underlying ash beds, upper Siwalik of Samba district, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Som Nath Kundal
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper, two specimens of fossil Mus from the mudstone horizon underlying the geochronologically dated (2.48 Ma) volcanic ash bed/bentonitized tuff bands that straddle across Gauss-Matuyama transition exposed very near the village Barakhetar are described here. Based on molar morphological terminology, the specimens have been identified and tentatively referred to as Mus cf. Mus flynni. The specimens under the study are related to other fossil Mus from the Indian subcontinent in the present work.

Keywords

Mus flynni Mudstone horizon Nagrota Formation Upper Siwalik Samba District India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The corresponding author is thankful to SERB, New Delhi, for financial support under SERB project (No.SR/FTP/ES-71/2013) and Prof. GVR Prasad, University of Delhi for guiding the author during the preparation of manuscript.

References

  1. Agarwal RP, Nanda AC, Prasad DN, Dey BK (1993) Geology and biostratigraphy of the Upper Siwalik of Samba area, Jammu Foothills. Himalyan Geology 4(2):227–236Google Scholar
  2. Bowdich TE (1821) Analysis of the natural classification of Mammalia, vol 8. J. Smith, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Cheema IC, Flynn LJ, Rajpar AR (2003) Late Pliocene murid rodents from Lehri, Jhelum District, northern Pakistan. In: Petulescu A, Stiuca E (eds) Advance vertebrate palaeontology “Hen to Panta”. Atribute to Constantin Radulescu and Petre Mihai Samson. Speleological Institute “Emil Racovita”, Bucharest, pp 85–92Google Scholar
  4. Eliyas N, Khan N, Kumar D, Singh P, Prakash S, Kumar R, Singh RJ (2017) Siwalik Group of Northwest Subhimalaya. National workshop on Indian Siwalik Recent advances and future research. Abstract Volume, 181–205Google Scholar
  5. Gray JE (1821) On the natural arrangement of vertebrate animals. London Medical Repository 15(1):296–310Google Scholar
  6. Gupta SS (2000) Lithostratigraphy and structure of the Siwalik succession and its relationship with the Muree succession around Ramnagar area, Udhampur district. Jammu Kashmir Himalayan Geology 21:53–61Google Scholar
  7. Gupta SS, Prasad GVR (2001) Micro mammals from the Upper Siwalik subgroup of the Jammu region, Jammu and Kashmir State, India: some constraints on age. Neues Jahrbuch Geologie und Palaontologie Mnonatshefte Abhanblungen 220(2):153–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta SS, Verma BC (1988) Stratigraphy and vertebrate fauna of the Siwalik Jammu district Group, Mansar-Uttarbani section, J & K. J Palaeontological Soc India 33:117–124Google Scholar
  9. Jacobs LL (1977) A new genus of murid rodent from the Miocene of Pakistan and comments on the origin of the muridae. PaleoBios 25:1–11Google Scholar
  10. Jacobs LL (1978) Fossil rodents (Rhizomyidae and Muridae) from Neogene siwalik deposits, Pakistan. Museum Northern Arizona Press Bull Seres 52:1–103Google Scholar
  11. Jacobs LL, Fynn LJ (2005) Of mice again: the Siwalik rodent record, murine distribution, and molecular clocks. In: Lieberman DE, Smith RJ, Keller J (eds) Interpreting the past essays, on human, primate, and mammal evolution in honor of David Pilbeam. Brill Academy Publishers, Leiden, pp 63–80Google Scholar
  12. Jacobs LL, Flynn LJ, Downs WR, Barry JC (1990) Quo vadis, Antemus? The Siwalik Muroid record. European Neogene Mammal Chronology edited by E.H. Lindsay et al. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Kimura Y, Flynn LJ, Jacobs LL (2017) Early Late Miocene murine rodents from the upper part of the Nagri formation, Siwalik Group, Pakistan, with a new fossil calibration point for the tribe apodemurini (apodemus/Tokudaia). Fossil Imprint 73:197–212Google Scholar
  14. Kotlia BS (1992) Pliocene murids (Rodentia, Mammalia) from Kashmir basin, northwestern India. Neues Jahrbuch Geologie und Palaontologie Mnonatshefte Abhanblungen 184(3):339–357Google Scholar
  15. Kotlia BS (1996) First Upper Pleistocene Mus (Muridae, Rodentia) from the Indian sub-continent. Acta Zool Cracov 39(1):251–259Google Scholar
  16. Kotlia BS (2008) A new species of fossil Mus (Rodentia, Muridae) from the Indian Himalaya: evolutionary and phylogenetic implications. Palaeoworld 17:47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kundal SN (2015) Microfossils based Palaeoecology and Palaeocommunity structure of the Upper Siwalik deposits of Jammu, J&K, India. Int Res J Biological Sci 4(1):34–40Google Scholar
  18. Kundal SN, Prasad GVR (2011) ? Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene microvertebrates from the Upper Siwalik Subgroup of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Earth Sci India 4(3):143–158Google Scholar
  19. Musser GG (1987) The occurrence of Hadromys (Rodentia: Muridae) in Early Pleistocene Siwalik strata in northern Pakistan and its bearing on biogeographic affinities between Indian and northeastern African murine faunas. Am Mus Novit 2663:1–36Google Scholar
  20. Parmar V, Prasad GVR, Kumar J, Malik MA, Norboo R (2015) Cricetid rodents from the Lower Siwalik Subgroup of Jammu, India: biochronological significance. Palaeoworld 24(3):324–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Parmar V, Magotra R, Norboo R, Prasad GVR (2017) Rodent based age appraisal of the Lower Siwalik Subgroup of Kalaunta, Ramnagar, Jammu, India. Alcheringa: An Australasian J Palaeontology 41(1):124–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Patnaik R (1982) Enamel microstructure of some fossil and extant murid rodents of India. Palaeontological Res 6(3):239–258Google Scholar
  23. Patnaik R (1990) First fossil mouse (Mus, Rodentia) from Indian Siwalik, Tatrot Formation (Saketi, H.P.): implications for evolutionary history. Curr Sci 59(3):163–164Google Scholar
  24. Patnaik R (1995) Micromammal based palaeoenvironment of Upper Siwalik exposed near village Saketi, H. P J Geological Soc India 46:429–437Google Scholar
  25. Patnaik R (1997) New murids and gerbillids (Rodentia, Mammalia) from Pliocene Siwalik sediments of India. Palaeovertebrata 26(1):129–165Google Scholar
  26. Patnaik R (2001) Late Pliocene micromammals from Tatrot Formation (Upper Siwalik) exposed near village Saketi, Himachal Pradesh. India Palaeontographica 261:55–81Google Scholar
  27. Patnaik R (2011) Fossil murine rodents as ancient monsoon indicators of the Indian subcontinent. Quat Int 229:94–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Patnaik R (2014) Phylogeny of Siwalik murine rodents: implications for Mus-Rattus divergence time. J Paleontological Soc India 59(1):15–28Google Scholar
  29. Patnaik R, Bhadur M, Sharma T, Sahni A (1993) A comparative analysis of the molars of Mus booduga, Mus dunni and fossil Mus of the Indian subcontinent: phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographic implications. Curr Sci 65:782–786Google Scholar
  30. Pilgrim GE (1934) Correlation of fossiliferous section in upper Cenozoic of India. Am Mus Novit 704:1–5Google Scholar
  31. Prasad GVR, Kundal SN, Bhat GM (2005) Mandible of Golunda (Rodentia, Mammalia) from the Upper Siwalik Subgroup of Jammu, India. Annals de Paleontologie 91(2):181–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Raghavan P (1989) Fossil rodent assemblages from the basal Pinjor Formation (sub-Himalaya), Haryana, India: taxonomy and Palaeoecology. Res Bulletin (Sci) Panjab University 40(3–4):245–268Google Scholar
  33. Ranga Rao A, Agarwal RP, Sharma UN, Bhalla MS, Nanda AC (1988) Magnetic polarity stratigraphy and vertebrate palaeontology of the Upper Siwalik Subgroup of Jammu Hills, India. J Geological Soc India 31(4):361–385Google Scholar
  34. Seghal RK, Patnaik R (2012) New murid rodent and Sivapithecus dental remains from the Lower Siwalik deposits of Ramnagar, J&K, India: age implications. Quat Int 269:69–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sen PS (1983) Rongeurs et Lagomorphes du gisement Pliocene de pul-e Charkhi de Kabul, Afghanistan. Bulletin du Mus’eum National d’ Historie naturelle Paris 5(1):33–74Google Scholar
  36. Shimada T, Sato JJ, Aplin KP, Suzuki H (2009) Comparative analysis of evolutionary modes in Mc1r coat color gene in wild mice and mustelids. Genes Genet Syst 84(3):225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

Personalised recommendations