Geochemical and environmental investigation of the water resources of the Tanjero area, Kurdistan region, Iraq

  • Aras KareemEmail author
  • Omed Mustafa
  • Broder Merkel
Original Paper


The hydrogeochemistry of groundwater and environmental aspects of the Tanjero area (Sulaimani City, Kurdistan region, Iraq) were investigated statistically. Correlation analysis and cluster analysis revealed several indicators for the source of contaminations. The hydrochemical classification of the water samples determined Ca2+, Na+, and Mg2+ as dominant ions and K/Rb and Na/Cl ratios indicated water–rock interactions with several minerals (e.g., silicate and carbonate minerals). Sr, Ca, Mg, Rb, and K (1757, 117, 29.8, 7.23, and 10.1 μg/L, respectively) in the water samples correlate with each other and show higher concentrations in the wells around scrape and dump sites than the other wells. The water samples were classified according to a redox classification as well, and aerobic and intermediate anaerobic categories were recognized with regard to the reduction of dissolved oxygen and Mn (VI) ions with organic matter in the groundwater. Mn exceeds drinking water standards.


Hydrochemical classification Contamination Waste dump site Tanjero area 


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for GeologyTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany
  2. 2.Department of General Science, College of Education and Natural SciencesCharmo UniversityChamchamalIraq

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