Determination of groundwater potential by using geoelectrical method and petrographic analysis in Rawalakot and adjacent areas of Azad Kashmir, sub-Himalayas, Pakistan

  • Abrar NiazEmail author
  • Muhammad Rustam Khan
  • Umer Ijaz
  • Muhammad Yasin
  • Fahad Hameed
Original Paper


The current study is carried out for the determination of groundwater potential in District Rawalakot Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K) Pakistan by using electrical resistivity method and petrographic analysis of the area. The tape-compass-clinometers method was used in section measurement to understand the facies and depositional environment. The electrical resistivity survey was carried out in the project area in sub-Himalayan Siwaliks system of Pakistan to overcome water scarcity in a few regions. The area was chartered with the Schlumberger configuration up to the AB/2 depth of 150 m. The ABEM Terrameter SAS 4000 (Sweden) and accessories were used to acquire vertical electrical soundings in 24 locations. The results obtained through the 2D and 3D isoresistivity maps of apparent resistivity for 15, 45, and 130 m spacings, the 3D isoresistivity maps of transverse resistance and anisotropy, the VES curve types, and the measured stratigraphic section of surface rocks revealed the confined or semi-confined type aquifers within sedimentary formations. The petrographic analysis indicates the clues of the secondary porosity and fluid migrations through the rocks.


Vertical electrical sounding (VES) Petrography Depositional environment Schlumberger configuration Sub-Himalayan Siwaliks 


Funding information

The Director Institute of Geology, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad provided the financial assistance to carry out the field work in the study area.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeologyUniversity of Azad Jammu and KashmirMuzaffarabadPakistan

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