Mapping of hydrothermally altered zones in Aravalli Supergroup of rocks around Dungarpur and Udaipur, India, using Landsat-8 OLI and spectroscopy

  • Nirmala JainEmail author
  • Ramdayal Singh
  • Priyom Roy
  • Tapas R. Martha
  • K. Vinod Kumar
  • Prakash Chauhan
Original Paper


We explored the utilization of Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) data for mapping of hydrothermal alteration zones. The region in and around the cities of Dungarpur and Udaipur of Rajasthan state in India was selected for this study. The rock types of Dungarpur and Udaipur are serpentinites, talc-carbonate, talc-schist, and quartzite of the Aravalli Supergroup. Hydrothermally altered zones and resultant hydrous minerals play an important role in the genesis of these rocks. We aimed to identify possible locations of hydrothermally altered zones in regional context around Dungarpur and Udaipur using Landsat-8 OLI data. False-color composite maps and band ratios were prepared from Landsat-8 bands. Band ratios such as band 6/band 7 (short-wave infrared 1 (SWIR1)/short wave infrared 2 (SWIR2)), band 4/band 3 (red/green), and band 5/band 6 (near infrared (NIR)/SWIR1) and visual interpretation techniques were used to identify the hydrothermally altered zones. Spectroscopic analyses of field rock samples were done to validate the hydrothermal alteration zones delineated from the analysis of Landsat-8 data. We present the combined results of Landsat-8 and field spectroradiometer analysis which brings out the hydrothermal alteration zones associated with hydrous minerals (antigorite, lizardite, montmorillonite, vermiculite, talc, and saponite). The study demonstrates the utility Landsat-8 OLI (with field spectroradiometer data) in the mapping of hydrothermally altered zones as a key in understanding geological processes.


Hydrothermal alteration zones Hydrous minerals Spectroscopy and Landsat-8 OLI 



We are thankful to Dr. Y.V.N. Krishna Murthy, Director, National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO, Hyderabad, and Shri Tapan Misra, Director, Space Applications Centre (SAC), ISRO, Ahmedabad, for their support and encouragement in this study. We sincerely express our thanks to Dr. P.V.N. Rao, Deputy Director, Remote Sensing Applications Area (RSAA), NRSC, Hyderabad, for his support and guidance in this study. This research would not have been possible without the team of USGS which provided Landsat-8 OLI data freely to users.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirmala Jain
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ramdayal Singh
    • 2
  • Priyom Roy
    • 1
  • Tapas R. Martha
    • 1
  • K. Vinod Kumar
    • 1
  • Prakash Chauhan
    • 2
  1. 1.National Remote Sensing CentreIndia Space Research OrganisationHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Space Applications CentreIndia Space Research OrganisationAhmedabadIndia

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