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Geochemical variation of the groundwater characters along Wadi Qudaid, northeast Jeddah, westcentral Arabian Shield, Saudi Arabia

  • Mohamed A. Sharaf
  • Abdullah R. Sonbul
  • Ali A. Mesaed
Original Paper
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Wadi Qudaid is present about 120 km northeast of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The area includes Precambrian Arabian Shield, Tertiary sedimentary rocks, Tertiary basic volcanics (harrat), and finally Quaternary wadi deposits which represent the main aquifer of Wadi Qudaid area. The present study indicates the presence of pronounced geochemical variations in the groundwater characters along the main channel of Wadi Qudaid from the southwestern part (downstream) to the northeastern (upstream) part. The groundwater-bearing horizon is thicker in the downstream part than the upstream part. The study also revealed that the groundwater is of good quality in the upstream (NE) part than the downstream (SW) part. This is related to the addition and depletion of many elements during the groundwater trip from NE to SW and the addition and depletion of some elements. The downstream part is of high hardness and TDS when compared with the upstream part. Also, the downstream part is of high bisnous element (As, Co, Ni) than the upstream part. The groundwater of the southwestern part of Wadi Qudaid are free from the following elements: i.e., Al, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb.

Keywords

Wadi Qudaid Hydrochemistry Groundwater aquifers in western Arabian Shield Saudi Arabia 

Notes

Funding information

The project was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, under grant no. 351/145/1433. The authors, therefore, acknowledge with thanks DSR technical and financial support.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed A. Sharaf
    • 1
  • Abdullah R. Sonbul
    • 2
  • Ali A. Mesaed
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Hydrogeology Department, Faculty of Earth SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Engineering and Environmental Geology Department, Faculty of Earth SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Geo-exploration Techniques Department, Faculty of Earth SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Geology Department, Faculty of SciencesCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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