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The landscape and biological diversity of salt-dome landscapes: specific features (Western Kazakhstan case study)

  • Kazhmurat Akhmedenov
Original Paper

Abstract

Salt tectonics as a type of tectonic genesis has an important feature—while breaching the suprasalt rocks, salt diapirs transform the terrain structure by activating interaction between the components through the involvement in the terrain genesis of both the salt and the whole complex of deep geologic rocks that ended up on the surface. Geological anomalies, which salt-dome elevations essentially are, initiate an entire complex of other anomalies that interact and reciprocate. We have summarized the results of the field (2012–2017) and desktop studies on the natural resource potential of salt-dome landscapes. This paper presents the results of hydrochemical studies of the water of lakes Inder, Aralsor, and Shalkar, which are characterized by high mineralization and a slightly alkaline environment. Recommendations are made in regard to the creation of special conservation territories in the salt-dome landscapes of Western Kazakhstan.

Keywords

Salt-dome tectonics Brine lakes Terrain Biological diversity Mineral sources Therapeutic mud Inder karst field Western Kazakhstan 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was carried out with the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan grant No. 4036/GF4 “Analysis of the Socioeconomic Importance of Landscapes of Salt-dome Origin for the Republic of Kazakhstan.” I would like to express my sincerest gratitude to landscape researcher V.P. Petrishchev (Orenburg, Russia), speleologist I.V. Golovachev (Astrakhan, Russia), ornithologist Ye.V. Barbazyuk (Orenburg, Russia), and herpetologists A.G. Bakiev and R.G. Gorelov (Togliatti, Russia) for their cooperation in studying the salt-dome landscapes of Western Kazakhstan.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Nature ManagementZhangir Khan West Kazakhstan Agrarian Technical UniversityUralskKazakhstan

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