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ST-segment elevation in a patient with cardiac lymphoma

  • J. P. GuimarãesEmail author
  • J. Trigo
  • F. Fonçalves
  • J. I. Moreira
Open Access
Heart Beat
A 78-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of exertional dyspnoea, anorexia, weight loss and night sweats. On physical examination the patient had a cachectic appearance and multiple 2‑ to 4‑cm-diameter skin lesions (Fig. 1a). Electrocardiography (Fig. 1b) showed ST-segment elevation in leads V1 and V2 and ST-segment depression from V3 to V6 with no dynamic changes in serial electrocardiograms. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed large heterogeneous masses adhered to the myocardium with no clear cleavage plane, an intermediate echogenicity and involving the right ventricle, the atrioventricular groove and the large vessels (Fig. 1c; Electronic Supplementary Material, videos 1–3). He was admitted and a skin biopsy was performed which was compatible with diffuse large B‑cell lymphoma.
Fig. 1

a Skin lesion with a necrotic centre. b Electrocardiogram. c Echocardiogram showing masses involving the right ventricle, the atrioventricular grooves and the large vessels. The masses were more exuberant in the right ventricle and right ventricular outflow tract with a maximum width of 25 mm near the right ventricular apex

Cardiac lymphoma usually occurs in the context of metastatic involvement and can manifest in a variety of ways, depending on the location of the masses [1, 2]. This patient had no acute myocardial infarction criteria [3]. We hypothesise that the ST changes were explained by the infiltration or displacement of the myocardium by the tumour, mimicking underlying myocardial infarction.

Notes

Conflict of interest

J.P. Guimarães, J. Trigo, F. Fonçalves and J.I. Moreira declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

Echocardiographic 2D cine loops (parasternal long axis, parasternal short axis and four-chamber views)

Echocardiographic 2D cine loops (parasternal long axis, parasternal short axis and four-chamber views)

Echocardiographic 2D cine loops (parasternal long axis, parasternal short axis and four-chamber views)

References

  1. 1.
    Petrich A, Cho SI, Billett H. Primary cardiac lymphoma. Cancer. 2011;117(3):581–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gordon MJ, Danilova O, Spurgeon S, Danilov AV. Cardiac non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma: clinical characteristics and trends in survival. Eur J Haematol. 2016;97(5):445–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    ESC Scientific Document Group, Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, et al. Fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J. 2018;40(3):237–69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Guimarães
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Trigo
    • 1
  • F. Fonçalves
    • 1
  • J. I. Moreira
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiology DepartmentTras-os-Montes and Alto Douro Hospital CentreVila RealPortugal

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