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Risicofactoren voor verwaarlozing: een meta-analyse

  • Tim M. Mulder
  • Kimberly C. Kuiper
  • Claudia E. van der Put
  • Geert-Jan J. M. Stams
  • Mark AssinkEmail author
Artikelen
  • 127 Downloads

Samenvatting

Inleiding

Kennis over risicofactoren is essentieel om verwaarlozing van kinderen te voorkomen. In deze studie werd een meta-analyse uitgevoerd naar verschillende risicofactoren voor verwaarlozing.

Methode

315 effectgroottes werden afgeleid uit 36 studies en geclassificeerd in 24 risicodomeinen. Van elk risicodomein werd een effect geschat, waarna verschillende variabelen werden getoetst als moderator, waaronder de vorm van verwaarlozing, en geslacht en etniciteit van steekproeven.

Resultaten

Het effect van 15 risicodomeinen was significant en varieerde in sterkte van klein (r = 0,110) tot groot (r = 0,372). De sterkste risico’s bleken oudergerelateerde factoren, zoals een verleden van antisociaal gedrag, mentale of psychiatrische problemen (actueel of in het verleden), een laag opleidingsniveau van ouders, en slachtofferschap van verwaarlozing of mishandeling in de eigen kindertijd.

Discussie

Geconcludeerd werd dat meerdere risicofactoren op verschillende niveaus (gezinsniveau, ouderniveau en kindniveau) kunnen bijdragen aan het risico op verwaarlozing van kinderen, maar dat met name ouder- en gezinsfactoren belangrijk zijn in preventie.

Trefwoorden

verwaarlozing risicofactoren meta-analyse 

Risk factors for child neglect: a meta-analytic review

Abstract

Objective

Knowledge of risk factors is essential for successfully preventing child neglect. In this review, a meta-analysis of studies into risk factors for child neglect was carried out.

Method

315 effect sizes were extracted from 36 primary studies and classified into 24 risk domains. An effect was estimated for each risk domain, after which different variables, such as the type of neglect and a sample’s ethnicity and gender, were tested as a moderator.

Results

The effects of 15 risk domains were significant, ranging in magnitude from small (r = 0.110) to large (r = 0.372). The strongest risk factors were related to parents, such as having a history of antisocial behaviour; mental or psychiatric problems (both current and past problems); a low level of parental education; and victimization or abuse in their own childhood.

Discussion

It was concluded that family, parent and child factors can increase the risk of child neglect, but that parent-related risk factors are the most important for prevention.

Keywords

child neglect risk factors meta-analysis 

Notes

Bijdrage van de auteurs

Tim M. Mulder en Kimberly C. Kuiper zochten naar primaire studies, codeerden alle studies, voerden statistische analyses uit en schreven het manuscript. Claudia E. van der Put verwierf de financiering, droeg bij aan de onderzoeksopzet en gaf een kritische reflectie op het manuscript. Geert-Jan J. M. Stams verwierf de financiering en gaf een kritische reflectie op het manuscript. Mark Assink begeleidde het onderzoeksproject, verwierf de financiering, droeg bij aan de onderzoeksopzet, voerde statistische analyses uit en droeg bij aan het schrijven en reviseren van het manuscript. Alle auteurs hebben bijgedragen aan – en zijn akkoord met – de huidige versie van dit manuscript.

Financiering

Deze studie is gefinancierd door het Netwerk Effectief Jeugdstelsel Amsterdam (NEJA). NEJA had geen rol in het ontwerp of de opzet van de studie, het verzamelen of analyseren van data, het interpreteren van de data, het schrijven van het manuscript, noch in de beslissing om dit manuscript aan te bieden voor publicatie.

Belangenverstrengeling

Alle auteurs verklaren dat geen sprake was van financiële belangen of van enige andere vorm van belangenverstrengeling.

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim M. Mulder
    • 1
  • Kimberly C. Kuiper
    • 2
  • Claudia E. van der Put
    • 1
  • Geert-Jan J. M. Stams
    • 1
  • Mark Assink
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Forensische OrthopedagogiekUniversiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamNederland
  2. 2.Instituut Pedagogische WetenschappenUniversiteit LeidenLeidenNederland
  3. 3.Research Institute of Child Development and EducationUniversiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamNederland

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