pp 1–11 | Cite as

The Shape of Settlement Fabric and Geomorphology: the Case Studies of Pisticci and Corleto Perticara (Basilicata, Italy)

  • L. SaganeitiEmail author
  • M. Bentivenga
  • A. Pilogallo
  • F. Scorza
  • G. Nolè
  • B. Tucci
  • G. Palladino
  • B. Murgante
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geoheritage: the foundation for sustainable geotourism


Italy is a geologically complex and relatively young territory that is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters (i.e., earthquakes, flooding, landslides). In particular, landslide activity is considered one of the most relevant processes shaping the Italian peninsula, often closely affecting urban and industrial areas and infrastructures. Landslide activity in southern Italy strongly influenced the development of urban areas by controlling the shape and the areal extend of the urban settlements. In this paper, we propose a multidisciplinary approach capable of assessing the correlation between landslides and the spatial distribution of urban fabric. To this aim, we consider as case studies, the two municipalities of Pisticci and Corleto Perticara, in the Basilicata region in southern Italy, that strongly differ for the geological contexts and landslide types. The evolution in time of the landslide activity and the shape variations of the two considered settlement systems is described in terms of shape index from 1950 to 2006. Starting from the description of the two study areas, from both the geological and the urban point of view, the shape index will be calculated. Eventually, the results obtained will be compared with the perimeters of the urban centers defined by the respective urban planning regulations.


Shape index Aggregates Pisticci Corleto Perticara Basilicata region 



  1. Amato F, Pontrandolfi P, Murgante B (2015) Supporting planning activities with the assessment and the prediction of urban sprawl using spatio-temporal analysis. Ecol Inform 30:365–378. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amato F, Maimone B, Martellozzo F, Nolè G, Murgante B (2016) The effects of urban policies on the development of urban areas. Sustainability 8:297. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antronico L, Borrelli L, Coscarelli R, Gullà G (2015) Time evolution of landslide damages to buildings: the case study of Lungro (Calabria, southern Italy). Bull Eng Geol Environ 74:47–59. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bentivenga M, Coltorti M, Prosser G, Tavarnelli E (2004a) A new interpretation of terraces in the Taranto gulf: the role of extensional faulting. Geomorphology 60:383–402. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bentivenga M, Coltorti M, Prosser G, Tavarnelli E (2004b) #Deformazioni distensive recenti nell’entroterra del Golfo di Taranto: implicazioni per la realizzazione di un deposito geologico per scorie nucleari nei pressi di Scanzano Ionico (Basilicata). Bollettino-Societa Geol Ital 123:391–404Google Scholar
  6. Bentivenga M, Grimaldi S, Palladino G (2006) Caratteri geomorfologici della instabilità del versante sinistro del fiume Basento interessato dalla grande frana di Brindisi di Montagna Scalo 4:123–130. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bentivenga M, Capolongo D, Palladino G, Piccarreta M (2015) Geomorphological map of the area between Craco and Pisticci (Basilicata, Italy). J Maps 11:267–277. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bentivenga M, Piccarreta M (2016) Geomorphology of Pisticci area (Basilicata, Southern Italy). J Maps 12:220–226. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bentivenga M, Giano SI, Saganeiti L, Nolè G, Palladino G, Prosser G, Murgante B (2017) Deep-seated gravitational slope deformation in urban areas matching field and in-SAR interferometry surveys: the case study of the Episcopia village, southern Italy, Vol. 10407 LNCS; ISBN 9783319624006Google Scholar
  10. Brunetti MT, Peruccacci S, Rossi M, Luciani S, Valigi D, Guzzetti F (2010) Rainfall thresholds for the possible occurrence of landslides in Italy. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 10:447–458. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carbone S, Catalano S, Lentini F, Monaco C (1988) Le unità stratigrafico-strutturali dell’Alta Val d’Agri (Appennino lucano) nel quadro dell’evoluzione del sistema catena-avanfossa. Mem Soc Geol Ital 41:331–341Google Scholar
  12. Carbone S, Catalano S, Lazzari S, Lentini F, Monaco C (1991) Presentazione della carta geologica del Bacino del Fiume Agri (Basilicata). Mem Soc Geol It 47:129–143Google Scholar
  13. Cavalcante F, Fiore S, Piccarreta G, Tateo F (2003) Geochemical and mineralogical approaches to assessing provenance and deposition of shales: a case study. Clay Miner 38:383–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cavalcante F, Fiore S, Lettino A, Piccarreta G, Tateo F (2007) Illite-smectite mixed layers in sicilide shales and piggy-back deposits of the Gorgoglione Formation (Southern Apennines): geological inferences. Boll della Soc It. (Ital. J. Geosci.) 126(2):241–254 7 figs., 3 tabsGoogle Scholar
  15. Cavalcante F, Belviso C, Bentivenga M, Fiore S, Prosser G (2011) Occurence of palygorskite and sepiolite in upper Paleocene – middle Eocene marine deep sediments of the Lagonegro basin (Southern Apennines – Italy): paleoenvironmental and provenante inferences. Sediment Geol 233:42–52. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cavalcante F, Prosser G, Agosta F, Belviso C, Corrado G (2015) Post-depositional history of the Miocene Gorgoglione formation (southern Apennines, Italy): inferences from mineralogical and structural analyses. Boll Soc Gol France 186(4–5):243–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cheng V (2009) Understanding Density and High Density. 37–51. doi:
  18. Dai F, Lee C, Zhang X (2001) GIS-based geo-environmental evaluation for urban land-use planning: a case study. Eng Geol 61:257–271. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Di Martire D, De Rosa M, Pesce V, Santangelo MA, Calcaterra D (2012) Landslide hazard and land management in high-density urban areas of Campania region, Italy. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 12:905–926. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Foley JA, DeFries R, Asner GP, Barford C, Bonan G, Carrpenter S, Chapin F, Coe M, Daily G, Gibbs H, Helkowski J, Holloway T, Howard E, Kucharik C, Monfreda C, Patz J, Prentice I, Ramankutty N, Snyder P (2005) Global consequences of land use. Science (80- ) 309:570–574. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fornelli A, Losito R, Guagliardi A, Massenzio A (1989) Provenienza delle arenarie di Corleto. Ital Geol Surv (Gruppo di Lav per la Cartogr Geomorfol 1994) 51(2):63–79Google Scholar
  22. ISPRA (2018) Dissesto idrogeologico in Italia: pericolosità e indicatori di rischio. Edizione 2018. ROMAGoogle Scholar
  23. Jim C, Chen SS (2003) Comprehensive greenspace planning based on landscape ecology principles in compact Nanjing city, China. Landsc Urban Plan 65:95–116. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Las Casas GB, Murgante B, Nolè G, Pontrandolfi P, Sansone A. (2005) L’uso della geostatistica per la delimitazione degli ambiti periurbani della Provincia di Potenza. pp 165–176 ISBN 88-464-7095-8Google Scholar
  25. Las Casas G, Scorza F (2017) A renewed rational approach from liquid society towards anti-fragile planning. Lecture notes in computer science (including subseries lecture notes in artificial intelligence and lecture notes in bioinformatics), 10409 LNCS, 517–526. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lentini F, Vezzanti L (1974) Note illustrative del foglio 506 S Arcangelo. IRPI Cosenza (Italy), Concenza, p 46Google Scholar
  27. Lentini F (1979) Le unità Sicilidi della Val d’Agri (Appennino Lucano). Geol Rom 18:215–224Google Scholar
  28. Patacca E, Scandone P (2007) Geology of the southern Apennines. Boll della Soc Geol Ital Vol Spec 7:75–119. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pescatore T, Renda P, Schiattarella M, Tramutoli M (1999) Stratigraphic and structural relationships between Meso-Cenozoic Lagonegro basin and coeval carbonate platforms in southern Apennines, Italy. Tectonophysics 315:269–286. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Saganeiti L, Pilogallo A, Scorza F, Mussuto G, Murgante B (2018a) Spatial indicators to evaluate urban fragmentation in Basilicata Region. Springer, Cham, pp 100–112, 10964 LNCS. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Saganeiti L, Favale A, Pilogallo A, Scorza F, Murgante B (2018b) Assessing urban fragmentation at regional scale using sprinkling indexes. Sustain 2018, Vol 10, Page 3274 10: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Song W, Liu M (2014) Assessment of decoupling between rural settlement area and rural population in China. Land Use Policy 39:331–341. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vale B, Vale R, Vale R (2009) Is the High-Density City the Only Option? 52–59. doi:
  34. Van Westen CJ, Castellanos E, Kuriakose SL (2008) Spatial data for landslide susceptibility, hazard, and vulnerability assessment: an overview. Eng Geol 102:112–131. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang C, Liu Y, Kong X, Li J (2017) Spatiotemporal decoupling between population and construction land in urban and rural Hubei province. Sustain 9. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of BasilicataPotenzaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di ScienzeUniversity of BasilicataPotenzaItaly
  3. 3.CNR-IMAAPotenzaItaly

Personalised recommendations