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Brymbo Fossil Forest: a Sustainable Management of Natural Resources (SMNR) Approach to Geoconservation and Geotourism

  • Raymond RobertsEmail author
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geoheritage and Conservation: Modern Approaches and Applications Towards the 2030 Agenda, IX ProGEO Symposium, Poland, 25-28th June, 2018


Wales’ rich geological heritage is reflected in a wide range of natural resources that have been exploited for centuries. Located in north-east Wales, Brymbo Fossil Forest is an important Pennsylvanian (upper Carboniferous) palaeobotanical site discovered during reclamation of an extensive steelworks. Giant in situ lycophytes, stands of Calamites, and a wide range of Carboniferous fossil plants have been discovered. Through the development of strong partnerships and critical funding, Brymbo Fossil Forest and its associated industrial heritage are being developed into a major visitor attraction. The Brymbo project showcases the benefits of a Sustainable Management of Natural Resources (SMNR) approach to geoconservation and geotourism.


Fossil forest Geoconservation Geotourism Sustainable Management of Natural Resources (SMNR) 



I am grateful to Stewart Campbell, Peter Appleton and two anonymous reviewers for providing constructive comments on the manuscript, and Barry Thomas who kindly helped identify the fossils in Figs. 4, 5 and 6. I would also like to thank Brymbo Developments Limited, Brymbo Heritage Trust, National Museum Wales and Wrexham County Borough Council for their continued efforts in conserving and promoting the Brymbo Fossil Forest.


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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural Resources WalesBuckleyUK

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