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Geoheritage

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 1027–1042 | Cite as

Geosites in Karamay city, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwest China

  • Jun-Ting QiuEmail author
  • Liang Qiu
  • Hong-Xu Mu
  • Wen-Xin Yang
  • Feng Chen
  • Bo-Kun Yan
  • Jun-Chuan Yu
  • He-Ming Yang
Original Article

Abstract

Karamay city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwest China, has a developed petroleum industry and has many geosites of high educational and scientific interest. For example, an ophiolitic mélange displays a complete sequence of ancient oceanic crust and allows analysis of the tectonic evolution of the Paleo-Asian Ocean; Black Oil Hill, asphaltum deposit, and outcrops of the source rock display a complete system of fault-controlled oil seepage from depth to the surface; and World Ghost Town is one of the three most striking yardang landforms in China, and its Junggar pterosaur fossils provide clues to the evolutionary ecology and paleogeography of global pterosaurs. Through multitemporal remote-sensing technology and fieldwork, this study found that Karamay’s geosites have been severely damaged or are threatened by human activities. Geoconservation action is urgently needed.

Keywords

Karamay Geoheritage Ophiolitic mélange Oil seepage Yardang landform Geoconservation 

Notes

Funding Information

This study was financially supported by the GF-5 Project of China (04-Y20A35-9001-15/17-3), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601008), and the project from Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences (KLPN201801-04).

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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun-Ting Qiu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liang Qiu
    • 2
  • Hong-Xu Mu
    • 2
  • Wen-Xin Yang
    • 2
  • Feng Chen
    • 2
  • Bo-Kun Yan
    • 3
  • Jun-Chuan Yu
    • 3
  • He-Ming Yang
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Remote Sensing Information and Image AnalysisBeijing Research Institute of Uranium GeologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.China Aero Geophysical Survey and Remote Sensing Center for Land and ResourcesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Agro-Environment in Northeast Region of Ministry of Agriculture of ChinaJilin Academy of Agricultural SciencesChangchunChina
  5. 5.Jilin Normal UniversitySipingChina

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