Advertisement

Geoheritage

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 703–716 | Cite as

Linking Geological and Architectural Heritage in a Singular Geosite: Nueva Tabarca Island (SE Spain)

  • Hugo CorbíEmail author
  • Javier Martínez-Martínez
  • Ivan Martin-Rojas
Original Article

Abstract

This work presents the singular case of Nueva Tabarca island (SE Spain), which is an excellent example where stone-built monuments and historical quarries greatly enhance the geoheritage interest of this site. This small western Mediterranean island brings together a rich, diverse geological record and a baroque architectural heritage represented by a fortified village. The geoheritage constitutes the bedrock of the historical and architectural monuments. In addition, though, the building stones can be used to interpret the litho- and bio-facies, which provide significant geological knowledge to better understand the island’s geosedimentary history. Furthermore, the diverse settings of the building stones allow a didactic and integrated reading of the erosional processes that can affect these stones. In short, architectural heritage becomes an alternative tool to study geology and promote geoheritage. The characterization and inventory of the local geoheritage has allowed us to propose a geotourism route of ten sites of special interest. The sites were selected due to their relevance showing the geological context, the building stones used in the architectural heritage, and the conservation state and the weathering processes that affect rocks. This paper evidences that geosites can be of special significance, particularly in geotourism, precisely due to their huge potential to connect heritages of varied natures. The closer the links between geology, history, and architecture, the more people will be interested in and concerned about geoheritage.

Keywords

Geoheritage Geotourism Geosite Building stones Western Mediterranean 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks are given to Pedro Alfaro for organize the 2017 Alicante Geolodía public field day in Nueva Tabarca island. The authors wish to thank José Manuel Pérez Burgos and Felio Lozano for their enthusiastic collaboration during the field works. Thanks are given to anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on our manuscript. Thanks also to Christine Laurin for her professional editing of the English version of the manuscript.

Funding information

This research was supported by projects GRE12-03, GRE14-05 (University of Alicante) and GV/2018//109 (Generalitat Valenciana).

References

  1. Aberasturi A, Aguilera JC, Alfaro P, Amorós F, Andreu JM, Antón I, Ayanz J, Baeza JF, Belda A, Benavente D, Campos A, Cano M, Cañaveras JC, Castaneda R, Cerdán M, Corbí H, Cuevas J, de la Riva M, Díez D, Domènech C, Durá R, Espinosa C, Espinosa J, Estévez A, Falcés S, Fierro I, García-Sánchez E, García del Cura MA, Giannetti A, González A, González J, González M, Hernández JA, Izquierdo A, Jaúregui P, Jordá J, López-Cortés M, Macone L, Marín JM, Martín Rojas I, Martínez Martínez J, Martínez MF, Martínez Y, Mas A, Meléndez I, Monteagudo F, Montiel V, Monzó JC, Navarro J, Oliver L, Ordóñez S, Ortega JM, Pacheco J, Palomo M, Parrés J, Pedauyé R, Piedecausa J, Pina JA, Pla C, Ramón J, Ramos A, Rodes JJ, Romero J, Rosa Cintas S, Sáez JF, Sánchez A, Sánchez-Fernández A, Sánchez MJ, Santos J, Soler JL, Soria JM, Tomás R, Vives F, Yébenes A (2017) Geolodía Alicante. Isla de Nueva Tabarca. Universidad de Alicante, AlicanteGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfaro P, Andreu JM, Estévez A, Tent-Manclús JE, Yébenes A (2004a) Geología de Alicante. AEPECT - University of Alicante, AlicanteGoogle Scholar
  3. Alfaro P, Andreu JM, Estévez A, Pina JA, Yébenes A (2004b) Itinerarios geológicos por la provincia de Alicante para su utilización en Bachillerato. ICE - University of Alicante, AlicanteGoogle Scholar
  4. Beviá M, Giner-Martínez J (2012) Nunc Minerva postea Palas: la ciudad de Nueva Tabarca. Canelobre 60:114–127 (in Spanish)Google Scholar
  5. Brilha J (2016) Inventory and quantitative assessment of geosites and geodiversity sites: a review. Geoheritage 8(2):119–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brilha J, Andrade C, Azerêdo A, Barriga FJ, Cachão M, Couto H, Cunha PP, Crispim JA, Dantas P, Duarte LV, Freitas MC, Granja MH, Henriques MH, Henriques P, Lopes L, Madeira J, Matos JMX, Noronha F, Pais J, Piçarra J, Ramalho MM, Relvas JMRS, Ribeiro A, Santos A, Santos V, Terrinha P (2005) Definition of the Portuguese frameworks with international relevance as an input for the European geological heritage characterisation. Episodes 28(3):177–186Google Scholar
  7. Brocx M, Semeniuk V (2017) Building stones can be of geoheritage significance. Geoheritage 1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-017-0274-8
  8. Calvet F, Zamarreño I, Vallés D (1996) Late Miocene reefs of the Alicante-Elche basin, southeast Spain. In: Franseen EK, Esteban M, Ward WC, Rouchy J-M (ed) Models for carbonate stratigraphy from miocene reef complexes of Mediterranenan Regions. SEPM CONCEPTS IN SEDIMENTOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY, volume 5. SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology.  https://doi.org/10.2110/csp.96.01.0177
  9. Carcavilla L, López Martínez J, Durán Valsero JJ (2007) Patrimonio geológico y geodiversidad: investigación, conservación, gestión y relación con los espacios naturales protegidos. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, No. 7, IGME, MadridGoogle Scholar
  10. Carcavilla L, Durán JJ, Garcia-Cortés A, López-Martinez J (2009) Geological heritage and geoconservation in Spain: past, present, and future. Geoheritage 1(2–4):75–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Corbí H (2010) Los foraminíferos de la cuenca neógena del Bajo Segura (sureste de España): bioestratigrafía y cambios paleoambientales en relación con la Crisis de Salinidad del Mediterráneo. PhD Thesis University of Alicante (2010). 252 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Corbí H, Martínez-Martínez J (2015) Interprentado ambientes sedimentarios: taller de sedimentología con arenas como actividad didáctica de Ciencias de la Tierra. Enseñanza de las Ciencias de la Tierra 23(2):242Google Scholar
  13. Corbí H, Soria JM (2016) Late Miocene-early Pliocene planktonic foraminifer event-stratigraphy of the Bajo Segura basin: a complete record of the western Mediterranean. Mar Pet Geol 77:1010–1027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Corbí H, Soria JM, Lancis C, Giannetti A, Tent-Manclús JE, Dinarès-Turell J (2016) Sedimentological and paleoenvironmental scenario before, during, and after the Messinian salinity crisis: the San Miguel de Salinas composite section (western Mediterranean). Mar Geol 379:246–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Corbí H, Fierro I, Aberasturi A, Ferris EJS (2018) Potential use of a significant scientific geosite: the Messinian coral reef of Santa Pola (SE Spain). Geoheritage 10(3):427-441.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-017-0268-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Crespo-Blanc A, Urquí LC, Gómez JLS (2011) Geolodía: origen, presente y futuro. Enseñanza de las ciencias de la tierra: Revista de la Asociación Española para la Enseñanza de las Ciencias de la Tierra 19(1):95–103Google Scholar
  17. Crespo-Blanc A, Alfaro P, Alonso-Zarza AM, Aurell M, Calonge A, Carcavilla L, Corral I (2016) Geolodía para un público numeroso: claves para su organización. Geogaceta 59:91–94Google Scholar
  18. De Wever P, Baudin F, Pereira D, Cornée A, Egoroff G, Page K (2017) The importance of Geosites and heritage stones in cities—a review. Geoheritage 9(4):561–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Estévez A, Pina JA, Cáliz F, Hervás JL (1985) Isla Plana o Nueva Tabarca: Significación geológica y evolución tectónica reciente en el contexto del sector oriental de las Cordilleras Béticas. In: La reserva marina de la Isla Plana o Nueva Tabarca (Alicante), pp 25–35 (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  20. Gambino F, Borghi A, d’Atri A, Gallo LM, Ghiraldi L, Giardino M, Martire M, Palomba L, Perotti L, Macadam J (2017) TOURinSTONES: a Free Mobile Application for Promoting Geological Heritage in the City of Torino (NW Italy). Geoheritage 1–15Google Scholar
  21. García-Cortés A, Rábano I, Locutura J, Bellido F, Fernández-Gianotti J, Martín-Serrano A, Quesada C, Barnolas A, Durán JJ (2001) First Spanish contribution to the Geosites project list of the geological frameworks established by consensus. Episodes 24(2):79–92Google Scholar
  22. García-Cortés A, Águeda Villar J, Palacio Suárez-Valgrande J, Salvador González CI (eds) (2008) Contextos geológicos españoles. Una aproximación al patrimonio geológico español de relevancia internacional. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, MadridGoogle Scholar
  23. García-Cortés A, Carcavilla L, Díaz-Martínez E, Vegas J (2014) Documento metodológico para la elaboración del inventario español de Lugares de Interés Geológico (IELIG). Instituto Geológico y Minero de EspañaGoogle Scholar
  24. Henriques MH, Pena dos Reis R, Brilha J, Mota TS (2011) Geoconservation as an emerging geoscience. Geoheritage 3(2):117–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hilario A, Mendia M, Monge-Ganuzas M, Fernández E, Vegas J, Belmonte A (eds) (2015) Patrimonio geológico y geoparques, avances de un camino para todos. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 18. IGMEGoogle Scholar
  26. Kampschuur U, Simon OJ (1969) Sur la géologie de l’ile de Tabarca (prov. d’Alicante, Espagne). C.R. Som. S. G. F., t.2, p. 37.38Google Scholar
  27. Kullberg JC, Prego A (2017) The historical importance and architectonic relevance of the “Extinct” Arrábida Breccia. Geoheritage 1–25.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-017-0272-x
  28. Martín-Algarra A, Vera JA (2004) La Cordillera Bética y las Baleares en el contexto del Mediterráneo Occidental. In: Vera JA (ed) Geología de España. SGE-IGME, Madrid 890 pGoogle Scholar
  29. Martínez Martínez J, Giannetti A, Peral Lozano J, Corbí H, Cuevas-González J (2014) Caracterización de los depósitos miocenos de la isla de Nueva Tabarca (Alicante) y su empleo como material de construcción en el patrimonio local. Geogaceta 56:83–86Google Scholar
  30. Martínez-Martínez J, Corbí H, Martin-Rojas I, Baeza-Carratalá JF, Giannetti A (2017a) Stratigraphy, petrophysical characterization and 3D geological modelling of the historical quarry of Nueva Tabarca island (western Mediterranean): implications on the heritage conservation. Eng Geol 231:88–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Martínez-Martínez J, Benavente D, Jiménez Gutiérrez S, García-del-Cura MA, Ordóñez S (2017b) Stone weathering under Mediterranean semiarid climate in the fortress of Nueva Tabarca island (Spain). Build Environ 121:262–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Martin-Rojas I, Martínez-Martínez J, Corbí H, Baeza-Carratalá JF, Giannetti A (2017) 3D geological modelling of historical quarries. the nueva tabarca island quarry (alicante, spain). [Modelado geológico 3D a canteras históricas. La cantera de la isla de Nueva Tabarca (Alicante)]. Geogaceta 63:67–70Google Scholar
  33. Oyarzun R, Duque JFM, Barrenechea JF, García JÁL (2018) Gossans, Slates, and the Red and Black Hamlets of Segovia (Spain): Interrelated Geological and Architectural Features. Geoheritage 10(1):109–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Palacio-Prieto JL (2015) Geoheritage within cities: urban geosites in Mexico City. Geoheritage 7(4):365–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ramos-Esplá AA (2012) La Reserva Marina de la Isla de Tabarca, una realidad después de un sueño. Canelobre 60:284–297Google Scholar
  36. Sierro FJ (1985) The replacement of the “Globorotalia menardii” group by the Globorotalia miotumida group: An aid to recognizing the Tortonian-Messinian boundary in the Mediterranean and adjacent Atlantic. Marine Micropaleontology, 9(6):525–535Google Scholar
  37. Tent-Manclus JE, Baeza-Carratalá JM, Soria-Mingorance JM, Soler-Llorens JL (2016) Las terrazas marinas al sur de la isla de Tabarca (Alicante, SE España). Geo-Temas 16(2):303–306Google Scholar
  38. Vegas J, Salazar A, Díaz-Martínez E, Marchán C (eds) (2013) Patrimonio geológico, un recurso para el desarrollo. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 15, IGMEGoogle Scholar
  39. Wimbledon WA, Smith-Meyer S (eds) (2012) Geoheritage in Europe and its conservation. ProGEO, OsloGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth Sciences and the EnvironmentUniversity of AlicanteSan Vicente del RaspeigSpain
  2. 2.Spanish Geological Survey (IGME)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations