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Geoheritage

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 689–702 | Cite as

Evaluation of Geological Heritage of Geosites for a Potential Geopark in Binh Thuan–Ninh Thuan Coastal Zone, Vietnam

  • Duong Nguyen-ThuyEmail author
  • Phuong Hoa Ta
  • Huong Nguyen-Van
  • Huy Van Dinh
  • Bao Van Dang
  • Nhon Hoai Dang
  • Huong Thi Thu Do
  • Anh Thi Kim Nguyen
  • Thanh Duc Tran
  • Vuong Van Bui
  • Anh Ngoc Nguyen
  • Thuy Thi Hoang
Original Article

Abstract

This paper presents the first steps of an official geoconservation strategy for geosites in the Binh Thuan–Ninh Thuan coastal zone, one of the most attractive destinations in Vietnam. These steps consist of identifying of geological characteristics and merits of the site location critical to establishment of a geopark. Additionally, detailed assessments of the exceptional values of science, education, and tourism aspects that need to have a management plan for a potential geopark are addressed in this proposal. The impressive red sediment, including wide sand dune fields with tourism potential, asymmetric valley formations, rock gardens, and unique multicolored rock piles make the coastal zone considered one of the most attractive destinations in Vietnam. The zone is not just esthetically pleasing to citizens and visitors; it is of great scientific importance that should be valued a great deal. Despite some initial classification and study, the geological elements of the site have not been completely categorized and evaluated. Critical scientific inventory of the geosite still needs to be systematically carried out and prioritized. Furthermore, this area has become an interesting target of the real estate industry and pristine land including the critical information it holds may disappear in the near future due to developer pressure. According to the global framework for geological heritage of Dingwall et al. (2005) and quantitative assessment of geosites from Brilha (Geoheritage 8(2):119-134, 2016), the present work demonstrates that the study area displays a large number of potential geosites with significant geological heritage values. Eleven selected illustrative geosites are relevant to key values for science, education, and tourism with additional consideration given to degradation risk. All data are made available to enhance focus on the ultimate goal of the study, which is to demonstrate the findings as justifications for the conservation of the area as a potential Geopark.

Keywords

Binh Thuan–Ninh Thuan coastal zone Geological heritage Scientific value Potential education use Potential tourism use Degradation risk 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are indebted to Mrs. Ho Thi Thanh Huyen at VNU University of Science, Hanoi, and Ms. Kelsey E. Doiron at Indiana University – Bloomington, USA, for the revised English version.

Funding

This material is based upon work supported by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) under project code VAST05.06/16-17.

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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duong Nguyen-Thuy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Phuong Hoa Ta
    • 1
  • Huong Nguyen-Van
    • 1
  • Huy Van Dinh
    • 2
  • Bao Van Dang
    • 1
  • Nhon Hoai Dang
    • 2
  • Huong Thi Thu Do
    • 2
  • Anh Thi Kim Nguyen
    • 2
  • Thanh Duc Tran
    • 2
  • Vuong Van Bui
    • 2
  • Anh Ngoc Nguyen
    • 2
  • Thuy Thi Hoang
    • 1
  1. 1.VNU University of ScienceVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Institute of Marine Environment and Resources (IMER)Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam

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