Locating unmanned aircraft systems for multiple missions under different weather conditions

  • Danışment VuralEmail author
  • Robert F. Dell
  • Erkan Kose
Original Paper


Motivated by the increasing civilian use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), this paper considers the simultaneous location and routing of UAVs for multiple missions and different weather conditions. We include modeling and computational experience inspired by requirements for air surveillance by the Turkish government’s public agencies. We model these demands in multiple mission areas and consider the impact of different weather conditions on the ability to employ UAVs from different geographic locations. We formulate the problem as a two-stage stochastic integer linear program with recourse and get an optimal solution for realistic test instances in a reasonable amount of time using decomposition by weather and mission combinations. We also introduce an optimization-based heuristic with bounds based on our decomposition for larger test instances.


Unmanned aircraft systems Location routing problem Stochastic integer linear program with recourse Optimization-based heuristic 

Mathematics Subject Classification




The first author wishes to thank Naval Postgraduate School’s staff for their hospitality during his visit. A visit that was funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) [Grant Number 2219]. This support is gratefully acknowledged. We are also grateful to the referees for their valuable suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danışment Vural
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert F. Dell
    • 2
  • Erkan Kose
    • 3
  1. 1.Turkish Land ForcesAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Naval Postgraduate SchoolMontereyUSA
  3. 3.Nuh Naci Yagan UniversityKayseriTurkey

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