No need for frame-wise attenuation correction in dynamic Rubidium-82 PET for myocardial blood flow quantification
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Regadenoson-induced stress causes a repositioning of the heart, myocardial creep, in half of the patients undergoing Rubidium-82 (Rb-82) positron emission tomography (PET). As a result, misalignment of dynamic PET and computer tomography (CT) may occur, possibly affecting CT-based attenuation correction (AC) and thereby PET-based myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantification. Our aim was to determine the need for frame-wise PET-CT AC to obtain reliable MBF measurements.
31 Out of 64 consecutive patients had myocardial creep during regadenoson-induced stress Rb-82 PET-CT and were included. Prior to PET image reconstruction, we applied two AC methods; single PET-CT alignment and frame-wise alignment in which PET time-frames with myocardial creep were individually co-registered with CT. The PET-CT misalignment was then quantified and MBFs for the three vascular territories and whole myocardium were calculated and compared between both methods.
The magnitude of misalignment due to myocardial creep was 13.8 ± 4.5 mm in caudal-cranial direction, 1.8 ± 2.1 mm in medial-lateral and 2.5 ± 1.8 mm in anterior-posterior direction. Frame-wise PET-CT registration did not result in different MBF measurements (P ≥ .07) and the magnitude of misalignment and MBF differences did not correlate (P ≥ .58).
There is no need for frame-wise AC in dynamic Rb-82 PET for MBF quantification. Single alignment seems sufficient in patients with myocardial creep.
KeywordsMyocardial blood flow attenuation correction PET-CT registration PET rubidium
Body mass index
Myocardial perfusion imaging
Myocardial blood flow
Positron emission tomography
None of the authors have anything to disclose.
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