Phase analysis, a novel SPECT technique for left ventricular dyssynchrony: Are degrees and milliseconds interchangeable?

  • Anthony J. Barron
  • Roshan Xavier
  • Mohammed Al-Housni
  • Eliana Reyes
  • Richard Underwood
Original Article



Phase analysis of gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy provides a measure of left ventricular dyssynchrony and may have applications for identifying patients suitable for cardiac resynchronisation therapy. Phase analysis is typically described in degrees of cardiac cycle, less intuitive to cardiologists familiar with ECGs. We assessed the relationship between time and degrees, to determine whether they are interchangeable.

Methods and results

399 patients underwent normal stress-only SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging using Technetium-99m-tetrofosmin. Data analysis used QGS software (Cedars Sinai) calculating bandwidth and standard deviation. Heart rate, age, gender, stress modality, and ejection fraction were analyzed for their relation to phase variables. 13 patients were excluded for conduction abnormalities including right and left bundle branch block and ventricular pacing. Heart rate was strongly correlated to bandwidth and standard deviation measured in time, but unrelated when measured in degrees. Although bandwidth measured by time and degrees were strongly correlated with each other this relationship was not perfect (correlation coefficient 0.87, P < .001). The addition of heart rate to the model explained most of the residual variation between the two. The results for standard deviation were similar.


In patients with normal myocardial perfusion and QRS duration bandwidth measured by degrees is not directly interchangeable with time in milliseconds. However most of the variation is explainable by heart rate, which predominantly affects measures of time rather than degrees. We would propose that although the values are less intuitive to cardiologists, normal ranges for phase measured in degrees are potentially more robust.



There are no relationships with industry and no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

12350_2018_1574_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (266 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 266 kb)


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Copyright information

© American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony J. Barron
    • 1
    • 2
  • Roshan Xavier
    • 1
  • Mohammed Al-Housni
    • 1
  • Eliana Reyes
    • 1
  • Richard Underwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS TrustLondonUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Harefield HospitalUxbridgeUnited Kingdom

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