Multi-modality molecular imaging of aortic aneurysms
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Aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal aorta are common and can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality when complications, including dissection, rupture, or thrombosis, occur. Current approaches to diagnosis and risk stratification rely on measurements of aneurysm size and rate of growth, often using various imaging modalities, which may be suboptimal in identifying patients at the highest and lowest risk of complications. Targeting the biological processes underlying aneurysm formation and expansion with molecular imaging offers an exciting opportunity to characterize aortic aneurysms beyond size and address current gaps in our approach to diagnosis and treatment. In this review, we summarize the epidemiology and biology of aortic aneurysms and highlight the role of molecular imaging in furthering our understanding of aneurysm pathogenesis and its potential future role in guiding management.
KeywordsMolecular imaging FDG aneurysm PET SPECT matrix metalloproteinases
Thoracic aortic aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Single photon emission computed tomography
Positron emission tomography
Ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide
No conflicts of interest to disclose.
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