Recent advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have uncovered the genetic backgrounds of various diseases. Type 1 sialidosis (OMIM#256550) is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by a mutation in the NEU1 (OMIM * 608272) gene. In this study, we aimed to review the previous reports of type 1 sialidosis and compare those with the first case of type 1 sialidosis in Korea. A 36-year-old woman presented with progressive ataxia, myoclonus, and seizure since the age of 12. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a pathogenic missense variant c.928G > A (p.D310N) and novel c.15_16del (p.P6Qfs*21) of the NEU1 gene as final causal candidate as compound heterozygotes. We reviewed the literature and selected the clinical reports of genetically confirmed type 1 sialidosis patients. A total of 45 patients in 17 reports were identified. Cherry-red spot, myoclonus, ataxia, and seizure were reported in 51.2%, 100.0%, 87.8%, and 73.7% of patients, respectively. Abnormalities of cognitive function, EEG, and brain MRI and visual symptoms were reported in 22.2%, 40.7%, 66.7%, and 70.2% of patients, respectively. Overall, our patient showed similar clinical features to previous type 1 sialidosis patients, but she did not complain of visual symptoms despite having cherry-red spots. We summarize the clinical features of type 1 sialidosis and report the first case of type 1 sialidosis with novel deletion variant in the NEU1 gene in the Korean population. Our study suggests the importance of ophthalmologic examinations in patients with myoclonus, ataxia, and seizure who do not complain of visual symptoms.
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This work was supported by the KRIBB Research Initiative Program and by the Basic Science Research Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2014M3C9A2064619). This work was also supported by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Korean government the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2017R1A2B4005276).
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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