Geochronology, geochemistry and zircon Hf-isotopes of the early Mesoproterozoic Yaopengzi dolerite in SW Yangtze block (Sichuan, SW China): implications for the Columbia supercontinent breakup

  • Tianguo Wang
  • Chaowen Huang
  • Gaofeng DuEmail author
  • Yang Liu
  • Jianfeng Xie
  • Huan Li


Magmatism in the Huili area (SW margin of the Yangtze block) was active during the early Mesoproterozoic, and has important implications on the early tectonic evolution of the Yangtze block. We report new data in petrology, whole-rock geochemistry, zircon U-Pb and Hf isotopes for the Yaopengzi dolerite in the Huili area. LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating of the dolerite yielded an early Mesoproterozoic age of ca. 1515–1513 Ma, coeval with the Columbia supercontinent breakup. The dolerite belongs to the alkali basalt series, and is enriched in light rare earth elements (LREE) and large ion lithophile elements (LILE), resembling typical oceanic island basalt (OIB) in geochemistry. Zircons from the Yaopengzi dolerite yielded 176Hf/177Hf = 0.28192–0.28203 and εHf(t) =–0.3 to 5.3. Our integrated study suggests that parental magma of the Yaopengzi dolerite may have originated from the enriched mantle, and was slightly contaminated by crustal materials during its evolution. Combining with regional tectonic background, the early Mesoproterozoic mafic magmatism at/ around Yaopengzi may have formed in a mantle plume-related intracontinental rift setting. This reflects that the early Mesoproterozoic extension in the Yangtze block may have resulted from mantle plume activities led by the Columbia supercontinent breakup.

Key words

Yaopengzi dolerite SW Yangtze block Mesoproterozoic zircon U-Pb and Hf isotopes Columbia Supercontinent 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tianguo Wang
    • 1
  • Chaowen Huang
    • 1
  • Gaofeng Du
    • 2
    • 5
    Email author
  • Yang Liu
    • 3
  • Jianfeng Xie
    • 4
  • Huan Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Metallogenic Prediction of Nonferrous Metals and Geological Environment Monitoring, Ministry of Education, School of Geosciences and Info-PhysicsCentralSouth UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Geochemical and Environmental Sciences, School of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  3. 3.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Shale Gas Resource UtilizationHunan University of Science and TechnologyXiangtanChina
  4. 4.Research Institute of Hunan Provincial Nonferous Metals Geological Exploration BureauHunan Provincial Nonferous Metals Geological Exploration BureauChangshaChina
  5. 5.Department of Geochemical and Environmental Sciences, School of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

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