Geosciences Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 119–135 | Cite as

Organic-rich source rock characterization and evaluation of the Cretaceous Qingshankou Formation: results from geophysical logs of the second scientific drilling borehole in the Songliao Basin, NE China

  • Xiaohuan Zhang
  • Changchun ZouEmail author
  • Jinhuan Zhao
  • Ning Li
  • Shuxia Zhang
  • Kouamelan Serge Kouamelan
  • Liang Xiao
  • Huolin Ma
  • Yixiong Niu


The second continental scientific drilling (SKII east) borehole in the Songliao Basin has been planned to be the deepest borehole to drill through the Cretaceous continental strata under the framework of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) up to date. This borehole was designed not only to explore the potential relationships between dinosaur extinction and climate environment during the Cretaceous but also to achieve new breakthroughs in oil and gas exploration. The high hydrocarbon (oil and gas) potential of a source rock is highly dependent on its organic content. We used geophysical log data of Borehole SKII east to evaluate the organic content of organic-rich source rock. In the period of the first member in the Qingshankou Formation (K2qn1) from the study area, high accommodation space and anoxic environment could promote organic matter deposition. Firstly, based on geological information and abundant geophysical log data, the basic geophysical characteristics (including petrophysical, lithological, mineralogical, and sedimentary properties) of the Qingshankou Formation in Borehole SKII east were studied. Secondly, geophysical log response characteristics (including resistivity, porosity, radioactivity, mineral and element) of organic-rich source rocks were analyzed. Thirdly, we tried to obtain suitable methods to predict total organic carbon (TOC) content of the target formation with geophysical log data. The laboratorymeasured TOC values of core samples from Borehole SKI south were used to make calibrations with calculated TOC values from geophysical logs. Results from improved ΔlogR technique and Dual_Vsh method are consistent, and indicate that these two methods are effective in this formation. The calculated TOC values from these two methods are relatively desirable, and show that the organic-rich source rocks with high TOC content occurred in the K2qn1 (1646.00~1669.00 m). The highest TOC content can reach 9.15%. The bed thicknesses of organic-rich source rocks are totally up to 7.88 m. These organic-rich source rocks can be considered as excellent. This study demonstrated that improve ΔlogR technique can be applied to evaluate source rocks in the formations without maturity data, and the new method Dual_Vsh is also valid in the Qingshankou Formation. The organic-rich source rock evaluation results could promote further exploration and development of oil and gas resources in the upper Cretaceous formations, Songliao Basin.

Key words

Borehole SKII east Qingshankou Formation organic-rich source rock geophysical log total organic carbon 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaohuan Zhang
    • 1
  • Changchun Zou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jinhuan Zhao
    • 1
  • Ning Li
    • 1
  • Shuxia Zhang
    • 1
  • Kouamelan Serge Kouamelan
    • 1
  • Liang Xiao
    • 1
  • Huolin Ma
    • 2
  • Yixiong Niu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Geophysics and Information TechnologyChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geophysics and GeomaticsChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Development and research centerChina Geological SurveyBeijingChina

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