Advertisement

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 1261–1272 | Cite as

Growth, development and nitrogen uptake efficiency of some sali rice genotypes under delayed dates of sowing

  • Priti Bandana KonwarEmail author
  • Prakash Kalita
  • Ranjan Das
Research Article
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Sali rice which is the major rice crop of Assam faces recurrent floods co-inciding with different phonological stages, especially the seedling stage. Owing to the damage caused to the seedlings, the transplanting also gets delayed. Delayed transplanting results in poor grain yield due to poor biomass accumulation as influenced by prevailing photoperiodic and thermal regimes during that period of the year. From this angle, selection of suitable genotypes appears to be the viable option that can have better early vegetative growth by utilizing available resources and should possess considerable degree of thermo- and photo- insensitivity. Keeping in view the above points, a study was conducted during the sali seasons at the experimental plots of Instructional cum Research (ICR) farm, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat with already shortlisted seven sali rice genotypes namely, Satya, Luit, Monoharsali, Jaya, Bordhan, Basundhara and Srimanta under delayed dates of sowing using thirty days old seedlings for transplanting laid out in split plot design. Results revealed that as compared to timely sowing, delayed sowing resulted in progressively lower values of various physiological parameters. While comparison was made between timely sowing and the deferred dates of sowing lowest reduction in the values of grain yield were recorded in genotypes of Manoharsali and Srimanta (35.66% and 35.03% with a delay of transplanting by 35 days compared to the recommended date of sowing i.e., 15th June). These two genotypes recorded better performance in terms of parameters like leaf area index, nitrogen accumulation in biomass and plant biomass etc. The better performing genotypes namely Srimanta and Monoharsali recorded higher values of nitrogen uptake efficiency.

Keywords

Sali rice Grain yield Leaf area index Plant biomass Nitrogen uptake efficiency 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Akhtar M, Ahmad M, Ramzan M (2007) Effect of photoperiod sensitivity on yield and other economic traits of new strains of Basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Anim. Pl. Sci. 17:3–4Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous (2013–2014) Annual report (2013–2014), Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi-110 001Google Scholar
  3. Arenovski AL, Howes BL (1992) Lacunal allocation and gas transport capacity in the salt marsh grass Spartinaal terniflora. Oecologia 90:316–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armstrong W, Justin SHFW, Beckett PM, Lythe S (1991) Root adaptation to soil water logging. Aquat Bot 39:57–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Broadbent FE, De Datta SK, Laureles EV (1987) Measurement of nitrogen utilization efficiency in rice genotypes. Agron J 79:786–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chandrasekaran B, Annadurai K, Kavimani R (2007) A text book of rice science. Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur, p 8Google Scholar
  7. Chen S, Zeng F, Pao Z, Zhang G (2008) Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment. Journal of Zhejiang University of Science B 9:363–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coats B (2003) Global rice production. In: Smith CW, Dilday RH (eds) Rice origin, history, technology and production. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 247–470Google Scholar
  9. Drew MC, He CJ, Morgan PW (2000) Programmed cell death and aerenchyma formation in roots. Trends Plant Sci 5:123–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. El-Khoby WM (2004) Study the effect of some cultural practices on rice crop. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanta University, Kafr El SheikhGoogle Scholar
  11. Evans GC (1972) Quantitative analysis of growth. Blackwell Scientific Publication, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO (2002) World agriculture: towards 2015/2030 summary report. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  13. Gardner FP, Pearce RB, Mitchel RL (1985) Physiology of crops plants. The Iowa State University Press, AmesGoogle Scholar
  14. Ghosh DC, Singh BP (1998) Crop growth modeling for wetland rice management. Environ and Ecol. 16(2):446–449Google Scholar
  15. Haque MM, Rahman HP, Biswas JK, Iftekharuddaula KM, Hasanuzzaman M (2015) Comparatie performance of hybrid and elite inbred rice varieties with respect to their source-sink relationship. The Scientific World Journal 2015:11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hiscox JD, Israelstam GF (1979) A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Can J Bot 57:1332–1334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hore DK (2005) Rice diversity collection, conservation and management in northeast India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 52:1129–1140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. IRRI (2002) Rice almanac: source book for the most important economic activity on earth, 3rd edn. CABI Publishing, OxonGoogle Scholar
  19. Jackson MB, Armstrong W (1999) Formation of aerenchyma and the process of plant ventilation in relation to soil flooding and submergence. Plant Biology 1:274–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Katsura K, Maeda S, Horie T, Shiraiwa T (2007) Analysis of yield attributes and crop physiological traits of Liangyoupeijiu, a hybrid rice recently bred in China. Field Crops Research 103(3):170–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khalifa AAA (2009) Physiological evaluation of some hybrid rice varieties under different sowing dates. Aust J Crop Sci 3(3):178–183Google Scholar
  22. Lee, M-H (2001). Low temperature in rice: the Korean experience. In: Fukai S, Basnayake J (eds) Proceedings of ACIAR on increased lowland rice production in the Mekong RegionGoogle Scholar
  23. Lee YJ, Yang CM (1999) Relation of plant growth and chlorophyll content in field grown rice. Chinese J. Agro. Met. 6(4):191–200Google Scholar
  24. Lee HJ, Lee SH, Chung JH (2004) Variation of nitrogen use efficiency and its relationships with growth characteristics in Korean rice cultivars. New directions for a diverse planet. In: Proceedings of the 4th international crop science congress, Brisbane, Australia, 26 Sept–1 Oct 2004, ISBN 1 920842 20 9Google Scholar
  25. Lockhart JAR, Wiseman AJL (1988) Introduction to crop husbandry. Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp 70–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Marschner H (1995) Adaptation of plant to adverse chemical soil conditions. In: Marschner P (ed) Mineral nutrition of higher plants, 2nd edn. Academic Press, New York, pp 598–603Google Scholar
  27. Moll RH, Kamprah EJ, Jackson WA (1982) Analysis and interaction of factors which contribute to efficiency of nitrogen utilization. Agron J 74:562564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ntanos DA, Koutroubas SD (2002) Dry matter and N accumulation and translocation for indica and japonica rice under mediterenean condition. Field Crop Research 74:93–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Padhy B, Khan PA (1982) Studies on the changes in heading time in relation to duration of photoperiod of two winter varieties of rice. Acta Bot. Indica 10:40–42Google Scholar
  30. Peng S (1998) Physiology-based crop management for yield maximization of hybrid rice. In: Virmani SS, Siddiq EA, Muralidharan K (eds) Proceedings of the 3rd international symposium. Advances in hybrid rice technologyGoogle Scholar
  31. Poshtmasari HK, Pirdashti H, Nasiri M, Bahmanyar MA (2007) Study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer management on dry matter remobilization of three cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Pak J Biol Sci 10(19):3425–3429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Saengwilai P, Nord EA, Chimungu JG, Brown KM, Lynch JP (2014) Root cortical aerenchyma enhances nitrogen acquisition from low nitrogen soils in maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Physiology Preview.  https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.114.241711 Google Scholar
  33. Sanghera GS, Wani SH, Hussain W, Sing NB (2011) Energing cold stress tolerance in crop plants. Cum Genomics 12(1):30–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shah ML, Bhurer KP (2005) Response of wet seeded rice varieties to sowing dates. Nepal Agric. Res. J. 6:35–38Google Scholar
  35. Sheehy JE, Mitchell PL, Ferrer AB (2004) Bi-phasic growth patterns in rice. Ann Bot 94(6):811–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Taiz L, Zeiger E (2010) Plant physiology, 5th edn. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, pp 67–86Google Scholar
  37. Teal JM, Kanwisher JW (1966) Gas transport in the marsh grass, Spartina alterniflora. J Exp Bot 17:355–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. van Loon MP, Feike S, Max R, Stefan CD, Frank S, Niels PRA (2014) How light competition between plants affects their response to climate change. New Phytol.  https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12865 Google Scholar
  39. Wang RF, Zhang YH, Qian LS, Wu LH, Tao QN (1999) Studies on diagnostics of nitrogen in rice using chlorophyll meter. Journal of Zhejiang Agricultural University 25:135–138Google Scholar
  40. Wu WG, Zhang HC, Qian YF (2008) Analysis on dry matter production characteristics of super hybrid rice. Rice Sci 15(2):110–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yang W, Peng S, Laza RC, Visperas RM, Dionisio-Sese ML (2007) Grain yield and yield attributes of new plant type and hybrid rice. Crop Sci 47(4):1393–1400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhong X, Peng S, Sheehy JE, Visperas RM, Liu H (2002) Relationship between tillering and leaf area index: quantifying critical leaf area index for tillering in rice. J Agric Sci 138(3):269–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priti Bandana Konwar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Prakash Kalita
    • 1
  • Ranjan Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crop PhysiologyAssam Agricultural UniversityJorhatIndia
  2. 2.College of Agriculture, KyrdemkulaiCentral Agricultural University (Imphal)Ri-Bhoi DistrictIndia

Personalised recommendations