Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 741–752 | Cite as

Photosynthetic and growth responses of green and purple basil plants under different spectral compositions

  • Ameneh Hosseini
  • Mahboobeh Zare Mehrjerdi
  • Sasan AliniaeifardEmail author
  • Mehdi Seif
Research Article


Light spectrum of growing environment is a determinant factor for plant growth and photosynthesis. Plants under different light spectra exhibit different growth and photosynthetic behaviors. To unravel the effects of light spectra on plant growth, photosynthetic pigments and electron transport chain reactions, purple and green basil varieties were grown under five different light spectra including white (W: 400–730 nm), blue (B: 400–500 nm), red (R: 600–700 nm) and two combinations of R and B lights (R50B50 and R70B30), with same PPFD (photosynthetic photon flux density). Almost all values for shoot and root growth traits were higher in purple variety and were improved by combinational R and B lights (especially under R70B30), while they were negatively influenced by B monochromatic light when compared to growth traits of W-grown plants. Highest concentration of photosynthetic pigments was detected in R70B30. Biophysical properties of photosynthetic electron transport chain showed higher florescence intensity at all steps of OJIP kinetics in plants grown under R light in both varieties. Oxygen evolving complex activity (Fv/Fo) and PSII maximum quantum efficiency (Fv/Fm) in R-grown plants were lower than plants grown under other light spectra. Values for parameters related to specific energy fluxes per reaction center (ABS/RC, TRo/RC, ETo/RC and DIo/RC) were increased under R light (especially for purple variety). Performance index was significantly decreased under R light in both varieties. In conclusion, light spectra other than RB combination, induced various limitations on pigmentations, efficiency of electron transport and growth of basil plants and the responses were cultivar specific.


Basil Photosynthesis OJIP Growth traits Light spectra 



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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ameneh Hosseini
    • 1
  • Mahboobeh Zare Mehrjerdi
    • 1
  • Sasan Aliniaeifard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mehdi Seif
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, College of AburaihanUniversity of TehranPakdashtIran

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