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Application of chitosan on plant responses with special reference to abiotic stress

  • Akash Hidangmayum
  • Padmanabh DwivediEmail author
  • Deepmala Katiyar
  • Akhouri Hemantaranjan
Review Article
  • 103 Downloads

Abstract

Chitosan is a natural biopolymer modified from chitins which act as a potential biostimulant and elicitor in agriculture. It is non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible which favors potentially broad application. It enhances the physiological response and mitigates the adverse effect of abiotic stresses through stress transduction pathway via secondary messenger(s). Chitosan treatment stimulates photosynthetic rate, stomatal closure through ABA synthesis; enhances antioxidant enzymes via nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide signaling pathways, and induces production of organic acids, sugars, amino acids and other metabolites which are required for the osmotic adjustment, stress signaling, and energy metabolism under stresses. It is also known to form complexes with heavy metals and used as tool for phytoremediation and bioremediation of soil. Besides, this is used as antitranspirant compound through foliar application in many plants thus reducing water use and ensures protection from other negative effects. Based on such beneficial properties, chitosan is utilized in sustainable agricultural practices owing to changing climates. Our review gathers the recent information on chitosan centered upon the abiotic stress responses which could be useful in future crop improvement programs.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Antioxidant Antitranspirant Biopolymer Chitosan Defense response 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank all the researchers working on chitosan application in plant science for improving our understanding of this novel bio-polymer.

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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akash Hidangmayum
    • 1
  • Padmanabh Dwivedi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Deepmala Katiyar
    • 1
  • Akhouri Hemantaranjan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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