Experimental and numerical investigation of reduction in shape distortion for angled composite parts

  • Khubab Shaker
  • Yasir NawabEmail author
  • Abdelghani Saouab
Original Research


Controlling the fabrication process induced shape distortion in composite parts is a concern of composite industry and relevant researchers in the recent year. This study focused on the numerical as well as experimental investigation of the effect of addition of silica microparticles on the mechanical properties and the cured shape of glass/vinyl ester angled composite parts. UD glass fabric/ vinyl ester laminated composite parts were fabricated without and with the addition of silica microparticles. The thermal and mechanical properties of resin samples containing silica particles were characterised using Dilatometer and Universal Testing Machine. It was found that the addition of silica microparticles has reduced the thermal expansion coefficients (CTE) and increased the modulus of resin. These thermal and mechanical properties were then used as matrix properties for three-phase composite laminated parts. The analytical micromechanical model was used to determine the thermomechanical properties of composite lamina. The numerical investigations of spring-in in angled composite parts were performed on commercial FEA software, COMSOL Multiphysics® (v5.4). The experimental results showed that the angled part without any fillers had a higher spring-in value of 1.807°, while the other part having 5% fillers exhibited a lower spring-in value of 0.632° only. The numerical results were found to be in close agreement with the experimental results.


Numerical approach Angled brackets Silica particles Residual stresses Shape distortion Spring-in 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Textile UniversityNational Center for Composite MaterialsFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Laboratoire Ondes et Milieux ComplexesUMR 6294 CNRSLe HavreFrance

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