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Podemos’ and Ciudadanos’ multi-level institutionalization challenges

  • Oscar BarberàEmail author
  • Astrid Barrio
Aufsätze

Abstract

So far, the party institutionalization literature has not properly analysed the challenges posed by the multi-level nature of many Western democracies to new parties’ institutionalization processes. The aim of this article is to introduce a theoretical framework combining both internal (e.g. party origins, party branch autonomy) and external factors (e.g. cross-level contamination, electoral threshold) to better understand this phenomenon. We hypothesize that through the formative stage and cross-level contamination the party institutionalization processes at the national and regional level will be aligned. They will also be stronger in those regions with better electoral performance and higher levels of branch autonomy. These expectations are then illustrated through the comparative analysis of the origins of the Podemos and Ciudadanos parties and their early evolution in Spain. The main results point out that national and regional institutionalization processes are evolving in the same direction, although not at the same pace. They also suggest that the electoral threshold and the autonomy of the regional branch might also be shaping the way both parties are developing in different regions.

Keywords

New parties Southern Europe Spain Podemos Ciudadanos Institutionalization 

Herausforderungen der mehrstufigen Institutionalisierung von Podemos und Ciudadanos

Zusammenfassung

Bisher wurden in der Literatur zur Institutionalisierung von Parteien die Herausforderungen, die sich aus der Vielschichtigkeit vieler westlicher Demokratien für die Institutionalisierungsprozesse neuer Parteien ergeben, nicht angemessen analysiert. Das Ziel dieses Artikels ist die Einführung eines theoretischen Rahmens, der sowohl interne (z. B. Herkunft der Parteien, Autonomie der Parteienzweige) als auch externe Faktoren (z. B. Kontamination über Ebenengrenzen hinweg, Sperrklausel) kombiniert, um dieses Phänomen besser zu verstehen. Wir nehmen an, dass durch die formative Phase und die Kontamination zwischen den Ebenen die Institutionalisierungsprozesse der Parteien auf nationaler und regionaler Ebene angeglichen werden. Ferner werden die Institutionalisierungsprozesse in Regionen mit höherer Wahlbeteiligung und größerer Autonomie der regionalen Parteivertretungen stärker sein. Diese Erwartungen werden dann durch die vergleichende Analyse der Ursprünge der Parteien Podemos und Ciudadanos und ihrer frühen Entwicklung in Spanien veranschaulicht. Die Hauptergebnisse zeigen, dass sich die nationalen und regionalen Institutionalisierungsprozesse in dieselbe Richtung entwickeln, wenn auch nicht in demselben Tempo. Die Ergebnisse suggerieren, dass die Sperrklausel und die Autonomie der regionalen Parteivertretung die Entwicklung beider Parteien in verschiedenen Regionen beeinflussen.

Schlüsselwörter

Neue Parteien Südeuropa Spanien Podemos Ciudadanos Institutionalisierung 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultat de DretUniversitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain

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