Sports Engineering

, 22:18 | Cite as

Measuring temporal and spatial accuracy in trampolining

  • Katja FergerEmail author
  • Michel Hackbarth
  • Max D. Mylo
  • Carsten Müller
  • Karen Zentgraf
Technical Note
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Measuring Behavior in Sport and Exercise


A new measurement system (horizontal displacement, time of flight, synchronicity—HDTS) was investigated regarding the latest changes to the international evaluation rules in trampoline gymnastics. It allows for the real-time measurement of objective criteria, such as flight time and landing position, without affecting the gymnast. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal and spatial accuracy of a measurement tool via cross-validation. Temporal precision was additionally tested via high-speed video landing and takeoff, while a three-dimensional motion capturing system was incorporated for spatial precision. The Bland–Altman “limit of agreement approach” was used for the assessment of congruence between the measurement systems. The new measurement system presented an average spatial deviation of 3.2 cm and a temporal deviation between − 5.8 and + 6.4 ms for the landing and − 11.3 and + 11.3 ms for the takeoff. Given its temporal and spatial accuracy in determining flight time and landing position as identified through cross-validation, the novel HDTS system proved to be suitable for its use in trampoline competitions.


Trampolining Measurement device Accuracy Limit of agreement 



We thank Dr. Marc H.E. de Lussanet for contributing to this work by supporting in the measurements and the video analyses. Our thanks go to Johannes Maier, General Management Eurotramp (Weilheim a.d. Teck, Germany) for the provision of the trampoline. Funding was provided by Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (Grant No. ZF4068601RE5).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Ferger reports grants from Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy, during the conduct of the study; In addition, Dr. Ferger has a patent “Force measuring system for trampoline” 14175727.8/Az. E-DE 114 2 0214/ED licensed. All the other authors have nothing to disclose.


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Copyright information

© International Sports Engineering Association 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Training Science, Institute of Sport ScienceJustus-Liebig University GießenGiessenGermany
  2. 2.Plant Biomechanics GroupUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Sport and Exercise SciencesUniversity of MuensterMünsterGermany
  4. 4.University SportsUniversity of MuensterMünsterGermany
  5. 5.Movement and Training Science, Institute for Sports SciencesGoethe-University FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany

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