Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 57, Issue 12, pp 1079–1085 | Cite as

Flavobacterium humi sp. nov., a flexirubin-type pigment producing bacterium, isolated from soil

  • Inhyup Kim
  • Jiyoun Kim
  • Geeta Chhetri
  • Taegun SeoEmail author
Microbial Systematics and Evolutionary Microbiology


A yellow pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by means of gliding, catalase and oxidase positive bacterium, designated strain DS2-AT, was isolated from soil. Growth was observed at 4–32°C (optimum, 28°C), pH 6–9 (optimum, 7.0), and with 0–0.25% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain DS2-AT belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and was most closely related to Flavobacterium aquatile LMG 4008T (96.4%), Flavobacterium terrae DSM 18829T (95.6%), Flavobacterium vireti THG-SM1T (95.5%), Flavobacterium inkyongense IMCC27201T (95.4%), Flavobacterium brevivitae TTM-43T (95.2%), and Flavobacterium cucumis DSM 18830T (95.2%). Strain DS2-AT produces flexirubin-type pigments. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and iso-C15:0 3-OH. The major respiratory quinone was identified as menaquinone-6. The major polar lipid was found to be phosphatidylethanolamine. The average nucleotide identity values between strain DS2-AT and selected taxa, F. aquatile LMG 4008T, F. terrae DSM 18829T, and F. cucumis DSM 18830T, were 72, 72.7, and 71.6%, respectively. The draft genome of strain DS2-AT has a number of 14 contigs, scaffold N50 of 476,310 bp and a total size of 3,563,867 bp. Additionally, strain DS2-AT contains 3,127 of gene, 41 of tRNA, 6 of rRNA, and 3 of ncRNA. The DNA G + C content of stain DS2-AT was 40.7 mol%. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, strain DS2-AT is considered as a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium humi sp. nov., (type strain DS2-AT = KACC 19715T = JCM 32786T) has been proposed.


Flavobacterium humi strictly aerobic polyphasic taxonomy gliding motility flexirubin-type pigment 


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We thank Prof Dr. Bernhard Schink (University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany) for suggesting genus and species names. This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant by the Korean government (MIST) (NRF-2017R1A2B4009448).

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Copyright information

© The Microbiological Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inhyup Kim
    • 1
  • Jiyoun Kim
    • 1
  • Geeta Chhetri
    • 1
  • Taegun Seo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Life ScienceDongguk University-SeoulGoyangRepublic of Korea

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