Spindle-like Fe7S8/N-doped carbon nanohybrids for high-performance sodium ion battery anodes
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Iron sulfides have been considered as one of the most promising candidates for sodium ion battery anode materials due to their high theoretical capacity and low cost. In this work, spindle-like Fe7S8 with nitrogen-doped carbon (Fe7S8/N-C) nanohybrids are successfully synthesized via a solvothermal method by sulfidation iron-based metal organic framework (FeMOF). As sodium ion battery anodes, Fe7S8/N-C nanohybrids exhibit high reversible capacity of 450.8 mAh·g−1 at 200 mA·g−1, and 406.7 mAh·g−1 at 500 mA·g−1 even after 500 cycles. They also show excellent rate properties and delivering the capacity of 327.8 mAh·g−1 at a very high current density of 3.2 A·g−1. These outstanding electrochemical performances can be attributed to the unique structure of Fe7S8/N-C nanohybrids. The nanoscale dimension in their size can be beneficial for facile ion and electron transports. Furthermore, the stable nitrogen doped carbon frameworks can also improve electrical conductivity and relieve the problems related to volume expansion. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses have been performed to study reactions occurred in spindle-like Fe7S8/N-C nanohybrid electrode at both bulk and surface.
Keywordssodium ion batteries iron sulfides metal organic frameworks X-ray absorption spectroscopy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
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This work is supported by the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) in Korea and Y.-E. S. acknowledges the financial support by IBS-R006-A2. K. S. L. acknowledges the support by Nano-Material Fundamental Technology Development program (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07041997) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF).
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