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Advances in nanomaterials for brain microscopy

  • Jackson T. Del Bonis-O’Donnell
  • Linda Chio
  • Gabriel F. Dorlhiac
  • Ian R. McFarlane
  • Markita P. Landry
Review Article
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

Microscopic imaging of the brain continues to reveal details of its structure, connectivity, and function. To further improve our understanding of the emergent properties and functions of neural circuits, we need to directly visualize the relationship between brain structure, neuron activity, and neurochemistry. Advances in the chemical and optical properties of nanomaterials, and developments in deep-tissue microscopy, may help to overcome the current challenges of in-vivo brain imaging, particularly when imaging the brain through optically-dense brain tissue, skull, and scalp. Developments in nanomaterials may enable the implementation of tunable chemical functionality for neurochemical targeting and sensing, and fluorescence stability for long-term imaging. In this review, we summarize the current methods used for brain microscopy and describe the diverse classes of nanomaterials recently offered as contrast agents and functional probes for microscopic optical imaging of the brain.

Keywords

nanomaterials neuroscience imaging microscopy 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge support of a Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award at the Scientific Interface (CASI), the Simons Foundation, a Stanley Fahn PDF Junior Faculty Grant with Award # PF-JFA-1760, a Beckman Foundation Young Investigator Award, a DARPA Young Faculty Award, and a FFAR New Innovator Award. M. P. L. is a Chan Zuckerberg Biohub investigator. J. T. D. O. is supported by the Department of Defense office of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP) Parkinson’s Research Program (PRP) Early Investigator Award. L. C. is supported by National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship and by Lam Research. G. F. D. is partially supported by an NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein Institutional National Research Service Award (T32). Portions of the figures were adopted from Servier Medical Art by Servier (https://doi.org/www.servier.com/Powerpoint-image-bank) and modified by the authors under the following terms: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0).

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jackson T. Del Bonis-O’Donnell
    • 1
  • Linda Chio
    • 1
  • Gabriel F. Dorlhiac
    • 2
  • Ian R. McFarlane
    • 1
  • Markita P. Landry
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Biophysics Graduate GroupUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Innovative Genomics Institute (IGI)BerkeleyUSA
  4. 4.California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, QB3University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  5. 5.Chan-Zuckerberg BiohubSan FranciscoUSA

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