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Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 3480–3489 | Cite as

Catalyzing polysulfide conversion by g-C3N4 in a graphene network for long-life lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Meng Wang
  • Qinghua Liang
  • Junwei Han
  • Ying Tao
  • Donghai Liu
  • Chen Zhang
  • Wei Lv
  • Quan-Hong Yang
Research Article

Abstract

The practical application of lithium-sulfur batteries with a high energy density has been plagued by the poor cycling stability of the sulfur cathode, which is a result of the insulating nature of sulfur and the dissolution of polysulfides. Much work has been done to construct nanostructured or doped carbon as a porous or polar host for promising sulfur cathodes, although restricting the polysulfide shuttle effect by improving the redox reaction kinetics is more attractive. Herein, we present a well-designed strategy by introducing graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) into a three-dimensional hierarchical porous graphene assembly to achieve a synergistic combination of confinement and catalyzation of polysulfides. The porous g-C3N4 nanosheets in situ formed inside the graphene network afford a highly accessible surface to catalyze the transformation of polysulfides, and the hierarchical porous graphene-assembled carbon can function as a conductive network and provide appropriate space for g-C3N4 catalysis in the sulfur cathode. Thus, this hybrid can effectively improve sulfur utilization and block the dissolution of polysulfides, achieving excellent cycling performance for sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries.

Keywords

lithium-sulfur batteries lithium polysulfide graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4graphene catalytic conversion 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB932400). Q.-H. Y. is grateful for the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51525204) and Y. T. acknowledges support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51702229).

Supplementary material

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Catalyzing polysulfide conversion by g-C3N4 in a graphene network for long-life lithium-sulfur batteries

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meng Wang
    • 1
  • Qinghua Liang
    • 2
  • Junwei Han
    • 1
  • Ying Tao
    • 1
  • Donghai Liu
    • 1
  • Chen Zhang
    • 3
  • Wei Lv
    • 2
  • Quan-Hong Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanoyang Group, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin)Tianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Engineering Laboratory for Functionalized Carbon Materials, Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Graphene-based Materials, Graduate School at ShenzhenTsinghua UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.School of Marine Science and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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