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Nrf2 in liver toxicology

  • Keiko TaguchiEmail author
  • Thomas W. Kensler
Review

Abstract

Liver plays essential roles in the metabolism of many endogenous chemicals and exogenous toxicants. Mechanistic studies in liver have been at the forefront of efforts to probe the roles of bioactivation and detoxication of environmental toxins and toxicants in hepatotoxicity. Moreover, idiosyncratic hepatoxicity remains a key barrier in the clinical development of drugs. The now vast Nrf2 field emerged in part from biochemical and molecular studies on chemical inducers of hepatic detoxication enzymes and subsequent characterization of the modulation of drug/toxicant induced hepatotoxicities in mice through disruption of either Nrf2 or Keap1 genes. In general, loss of Nrf2 increases the sensitivity to such toxic chemicals, highlighting a central role of this transcription factor and its downstream target genes as a modifier to chemical stress. In this review, we summarize the impact of Nrf2 on the toxicology of multiple hepatotoxicants, and discuss efforts to utilize the Nrf2 response in predictive toxicology.

Keywords

Nrf2 Keap1 Hepatoxicity Hepatocarcinogenesis Xenobiotic metabolism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by funding from MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI (16H01190 to K.T.); TERUMO LIFE SCIENCES FOUNDATION (18-III415 to K.T.) as well as NIH Grant R35 CA197222 (T.W.K) and the Washington State Andy Hill CARE Fund (T.W.K.).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Biochemistry, Graduate School of MedicineTohoku UniversityAobaJapan
  2. 2.Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA

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