Peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 1 as a molecular target in breast cancer: a therapeutic perspective of gynecological cancer

  • Garam Kim
  • Poshan Yugal Bhattarai
  • Hong Seok ChoiEmail author


Peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 1 (PIN1) induces conformational and functional changes to numerous key signaling molecules following proline-directed phosphorylation and its deregulation contributes to disease, particularly cancer. PIN1 is overexpressed in breast cancer, promoting cell proliferation and transformation in collaboration with several oncogenic signaling pathways, and is correlated with a poor clinical outcome. PIN1 level is also increased in certain gynecological cancers such as cervical, ovarian, and endometrial cancers. Although women with breast cancer are at risk of developing a second primary gynecological malignancy, particularly of the endometrium and ovary, the common oncogenic signaling pathway mediated by PIN1 has not been noted to date. This review discusses the roles of PIN1 in breast tumorigenesis and gynecological cancer progression, as well as the clinical effect of targeting this enzyme in breast and gynecological cancers.


Breast cancer Gynecological cancer Post-phosphorylation signaling PIN1 



This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (Grant Number: HI18C1083).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Garam Kim
    • 1
  • Poshan Yugal Bhattarai
    • 1
  • Hong Seok Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of PharmacyChosun UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea

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