Cutaneous Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking Skin Cancer in Aleukemic Patients: a Diagnostic Challenge in Surgery

  • Karin Milleni Araujo
  • Barbara Rossi Galardino
  • Tatyane Freitas Carvalho
  • Viviane Alessandra Capelluppi-Tófano
  • Rafael DenadaiEmail author
Case Report


Aleukemic cutaneous myeloid sarcoma is an extremely rare extramedullary manifestation of leukemia. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of cutaneous myeloid sarcoma mimicking common skin cancer and consider it in the differential diagnoses when evaluating any patient with skin cancer-like lesions to ensure the prompt treatment of this potentially deadly cutaneous disease. We report three patients with presumed diagnoses of actinic keratosis and skin cancer, which actually turned out to be aleukemic cutaneous myeloid sarcoma.


Cutaneous myeloid sarcoma Diagnosis Squamous cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma Clinical presentation Keratinocyte carcinoma 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Th authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (PDF 1658 kb)
12262_2019_1984_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (77 kb)
ESM 2 (PDF 76 kb)


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Copyright information

© Association of Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology, Pedro Ernesto University HospitalRio de Janeiro State University (HUPE-UERJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Plastic and Craniofacial SurgerySOBRAPAR HospitalCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Discipline of Hematology, School of Medical SciencesMarilia University (UNIMAR)MariliaBrazil

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