Perception of Surgical Teams Towards Surgical Site Infections in Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan

  • Faiz Ullah Khan
  • Zakir Khan
  • Asim.ur. RehmanEmail author
  • Fazal Rabbi
  • Naveed Ahmed
  • Yu Fang
Original Article


This study aimed to evaluate the perception of surgical teams (doctors) towards surgical site infections (SSIs). A cross-sectional study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. The questionnaire was completed by 85 surgical team doctors (n = 110) (response rate ≥ 77%). The respondent perception of SSIs was found significant. Patient hospitalization, care of the patient in the ward, intrinsic and extrinsic factors, assessment of malnutrition, a therapy protocol, inappropriate parameters, criteria of KUNIN, pathological examination, the total length of stay, and rational antibiotics prophylaxis (95% CI p < 0.05) are considered responsible variables for the incidence of SSIs. The obesity and the factors related to the ventilation of operating room (95% CI p < 0.05) are counted insignificant for SSI. The internal consistency for the questionnaire’s scale and each factor subscale was good fit (overall = 0.8, each, α ≥ 0.07). Surgeons’ perspective has shown that the associated risk factors and treatment outcomes of surgical patients may have a direct association with the incidence of SSIs.


Surgical site infection Risk factors Cronbach alpha 



The authors would like to pay a token of thanks to Prof. Zafar Malik and all surgical teams of the surgical wards who helped us throughout the project.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Consent was obtained from the participants.

Ethical Approval

Ethical approval was obtained from the hospital and university. The Bio-Ethics Committee (BEC) of Quaid-i-Azam University had approved and permitted this cross-sectional study. The assigned protocol number was (BEC-FBSQAU-103) granted. The Pakistan Institute of medical sciences ethical review board (ERB) also approved the current study and allotted (No. F.11/2015/ERB/SZAMBU) protocol reference.

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Association of Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faiz Ullah Khan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zakir Khan
    • 1
    • 4
  • Asim.ur. Rehman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fazal Rabbi
    • 5
    • 6
  • Naveed Ahmed
    • 1
  • Yu Fang
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PharmacyQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, School of pharmacyXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.Center for Drug Safety and Policy ResearchXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  4. 4.Institute of Health Sciences, Department of PharmacologyCukurova UniversitySaricamTurkey
  5. 5.Shaheed Zulfqar Ali Bhutto Medical UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  6. 6.Pakistan institute of Medical SciencesIslamabadPakistan

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