Discovery of a RuBisCO-like Protein that Functions as an Oxygenase in the Novel d-Hamamelose Pathway
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Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) is the key catalyst of CO2 fixation in nature. RuBisCO forms I, II, and III catalyze CO2 fixation reactions, whereas form IV, also called the RuBisCO-like protein (RLP), is known to have no carboxylase or oxygenase activities. Here, we describe an RLP in Ochrobactrum anthropi ATCC 49188 (Oant_3067; HamA) that functions as an oxygenase in the metabolism of d-hamamelose, a branched-chain hexose found in most higher plants. The d-hamamelose pathway is comprised of five previously unknown enzymes: d-hamamelose dehydrogenase, d-hamamelono-lactonase, d-hamamelonate kinase, d-hamamelonate-2′,5-bisphosphate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating), and the RLP 3-keto-d-ribitol-1,5-bisphosphate (KRBP) oxygenase, which converts KRBP to 3-d-phosphoglycerate and phosphoglycolate. HamA represents the first RLP catalyzing the O2-dependent oxidative C–C bond cleavage reaction, and our findings may provide insights into its applications in oxidative cleavage of organic molecules.
KeywordsRuBisCO-like proteins oxygenase d-hamamelose metabolic pathway branched-chain sugar
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