The Role of Host Cytoskeleton in Flavivirus Infection
The family of flaviviruses is one of the most medically important groups of emerging arthropod-borne viruses. Host cell cytoskeletons have been reported to have close contact with flaviviruses during virus entry, intracellular transport, replication, and egress process, although many detailed mechanisms are still unclear. This article provides a brief overview of the function of the most prominent flaviviruses-induced or -hijacked cytoskeletal structures including actin, microtubules and intermediate filaments, mainly focus on infection by dengue virus, Zika virus and West Nile virus. We suggest that virus interaction with host cytoskeleton to be an interesting area of future research.
KeywordsFlavivirus Host cytoskeleton Actin filaments Intermediate filaments Microtubules
We thank Xia Jin (Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Science) for discussions and critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported by Collaborative Research Grant (KLMVI-OP-201904) of CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Virology and Immunology, Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the starting Grant of Institut Pasteur of Shanghai (1185170000), Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Animal and Human Rights Statement
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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