pp 1–10 | Cite as

The Brazilian species of Elaphoglossum section Squamipedia (Dryopteridaceae)

  • Fernando B. MatosEmail author
  • John T. Mickel


A taxonomic treatment for the three species of Elaphoglossum sect. Squamipedia found in Brazil is presented. The section is monophyletic and most of its species are characterized by slender, 1–1.5 mm wide, long-creeping stems; the presence of two peg-like aerophores on the rhizome just behind each petiole; pale brown stem scales; the absence of phyllopodia and hydathodes; and echinulate spores. Elaphoglossum peltatum is unique among the Brazilian species of the genus by having sterile leaves with divided laminae. Within the country, E. minutum is known from only two gatherings made in the state of Goiás, where it grows in gallery forests around 700 m. Elaphoglossum peltatum is found on the mountains of the northern Amazon and disjunctly in eastern Brazil, from 800 to 2000 m. Elaphoglossum squamipes occurs on the coastal mountains of Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Mar, where it grows in cloud forests above 800 m. None of the three species is endemic to Brazil. We provide identification keys, descriptions, synonyms, comments, line drawings, spore images, distribution maps, and an index of herbarium vouchers to all species accepted in this treatment. A lectotype is designated for Acrostichum craspedariiforme and a second-step lectotype for Osmunda peltata. Additionally, E. ovatum is here excluded from the Brazilian flora.


Brazil ferns lectotypification Peltapteris Rhipidopteris taxonomy 



This study was partially funded by a grant to the first author from the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq no. 155074/2018-0). We are grateful to the curatorial staff of the following herbaria for facilitating access to their specimens: B, BHCB, BM, CEPEC, FURB, GH, HB, HUCP, INPA, K, MBM, MO, NY, R, RB, P, S, SP, SPF, UC, UPCB, and US. Special thanks to Alexandre Salino for sending us digital images of specimens housed at BHCB. André Amorim and Paulo Labiak were enormously helpful to the first author during fieldwork. Alejandra Vasco and an anonymous reviewer provided many helpful comments on the manuscript. We also thank Haruto Fukuda for making the line drawings and Raquel Marra for operating the SEM at Universidade Federal do Paraná.

Literature cited

  1. Alston, A. H. G. 1958. The Brazilian species of Elaphoglossum. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana 32: 1–36.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, J. G. 1870. Acrostichum L. Pp. 565–592. In: C.F.P. Martius and A.W. Eichler (eds.). Flora Brasiliensis, v. 1, part 2. Fleischer, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  3. Brade, A. C. 1961. O gênero Elaphoglossum (Polypodiaceae) no Brasil. I. Chaves para determinar as espécies brasileiras. Rodriguésia 35–36: 21–48.Google Scholar
  4. Fée, A. L. A. 1845. Histoire des Acrostichées. Mémoires sur les Familles des Fougères 2. Veuve Berger-Levrault, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  5. Fée, A. L. A. 1869. Cryptogames vasculaires (Fougères, Lycopodiacées, Hydroptéridées, Équisétacées) du Brésil. J. B. Baillière et Fils Libraires, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Lóriga, J., A. Vasco, L. Regalado, J. Heinrichs & R. C. Moran. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of the Cuban species of Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae), with description of Elaphoglossum sect. Wrightiana sect. nov. Plant Systematics and Evolution 300: 937–951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Matos, F. B. & J. T. Mickel. 2014. The Brazilian species of Elaphoglossum section Polytrichia. Brittonia 66: 371–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Matos, F. B. & J. T. Mickel. 2018. The Brazilian species of Elaphoglossum section Setosa. Brittonia 70: 173–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Matos, F. B., A. Vasco & R. C. Moran. 2018. Elaphoglossum doanense and E. tonduzii: new members of Elaphoglossum sect. Squamipedia (Dryopteridaceae) and their significance for inferring rhizome habit and nest-forming leaves within the genus. International Journal of Plant Sciences 179: 296–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mickel, J. T. 1991. Elaphoglossum and Peltapteris. In: R. M. Tryon & R. G. Stolze (eds.). Pteridophyta of Peru, Part IV, 17. Dryopteridaceae. Fieldiana, Botany, new series, 27: 111–170.Google Scholar
  11. Mickel, J. T. 1995. Elaphoglossum and Peltapteris. Pp. 250–283. In: R. C. Moran & R. Riba (vol. eds.). Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City.Google Scholar
  12. Mickel, J. T. & L. Atehortúa. 1980. Subdivision of the genus Elaphoglossum. American Fern Journal 70: 47–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Novelino, R. F. & J. E. Z. Oliveira. 1999. Flora do Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brasil: Elaphoglossaceae (Pteridophyta). Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis, Brasília, DF.Google Scholar
  14. Proctor, G. R. 1985. Ferns of Jamaica. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  15. Quantum GIS Development Team. 2013. Quantum GIS Geographic Information System. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Project.
  16. Racine, J. S. 2012. RStudio: A platform-independent IDE for R and Sweave. Journal of Applied Econometrics 27: 167–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rouhan, G., J.-Y. Dubuisson, F. Rakotondrainibe, T. J. Motley, J. T. Mickel, J.-N. Labat & R. C. Moran. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) based on chloroplast non-coding DNA sequences: contributions of species from the Indian Ocean area. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 745–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rouhan, G., F. Rakotondrainibe & R. C. Moran. 2007. Elaphoglossum nidusoides (Dryopteridaceae), a new species of fern from Madagascar with an unusual phylogenetic position in the Squamipedia group. Systematic Botany 32: 227–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Turland, N. J., J. H. Wiersema, F. R. Barrie, W. Greuter, D. L. Hawksworth, P. S. Herendeen, S. Knapp, W.-H. Kusber, D.-Z. Li, K. Marhold, T. W. May, J. McNeill, A. M. Monro, J. Prado, M. J. Price & G. F. Smith. 2018. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code): adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Vegetabile 159. Koeltz Botanical Books, Glashütten.Google Scholar
  20. Urban, I. 1906. Vitae itineraque collectorum botanicorum. Pp. 1–154. In: C. F. P. Martius, A. W. Eichler & I. Urban (eds.). Flora Brasiliensis, v. 1, part 1. R. Oldenbourg, Munich.Google Scholar
  21. Vasco, A., J. T. Mickel & R. C. Moran. 2013. Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical species of Elaphoglossum section Squamipedia (Dryopteridaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 244–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vasco, A., J. Lóriga, G. Rouhan, B. A. Ambrose & R. C. Moran. 2015. Divided leaves in the genus Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae): a phylogeny of Elaphoglossum section Squamipedia. Systematic Botany 40: 46–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Windisch, P. G. & M. A. Kieling-Rúbio. 2010. Elaphoglossum Schott ex J. Sm. Pp. 532–535. In: R. C. Forzza (and 30 others; eds.). Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil, v. 1. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Herbário UPCB, Departamento de BotânicaUniversidade Federal do ParanáParanáBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Systematic BotanyThe New York Botanical GardenBronxUSA

Personalised recommendations